September 9

History events
1553 — (1st of Tishrei, 5314) Under the auspices of Cardinal Caraffa, later to be Pope Paul IV, a “rabid” leader of the counter-Reformation, the Talmud was confiscated and publicly burned in Rome. The Cardinal chose the day of Rosh Hashanah of that year specifically so the Jews would feel the grief more strongly. Talmud burning would soon spread across many other parts of Italy
1839 — (1st of Tishrei, 5314) The Jewish community of Melbourne, whose members had begun arriving in 1835, held their first High Holiday services
1883 — (7th of Elul, 5643) Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Agram, the city in the Austro-Hungarian Empire which is also known by its Croatian name – Zagreb
1910 — (5th of Elul, 5670) El Desperter a new Ladino newspaper appears in Tetuan. It is the first Jewish newspaper in Morocco
1940 — (6th of Elul, 5700) Italian planes bombed Tel Aviv. One hundred seventeen people were killed
1942 — (27th of Elul, 5702) Two thousand Jews were assembled at Kislovodsk, sent to nearby Mineralnye Vody, marched to a ditch and shot dead
1944 — (21th of Elul, 5704) At the Chelmno Death Camp in Poland, an inventory was reported of 775 wrist watches and 550 pocket watches which had been collected since July from the victims of the Lodz ghetto cleansing
1952 — (19th of Elul, 5729) The Jerusalem Post reported that West Germany approved the terms of The Hague Reparations Agreement. Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and his government hoped that this act, apart from the contribution to the economic recovery of Israel will build a bridge of reconciliation
1969 — (26th of Elul, 5763) Operation Raviv, a ten hour raid mounted against Egypt under the command of General Avraham Adan and Admiral Arvaham Botzer successfully destroyed a radar site at Ras Saafrana while playing havoc with Egyptian forces on that nation’s Red Sea Coast
1993 — (23th of Elul, 5753) The Palestine Liberation Organization officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state
2007 — (26th of Elul, 5767) Israeli archeologists announced that they’ve stumbled upon the site of one of the great dramatic scenes of the Roman sacking of Jerusalem 2,000 years ago: the subterranean drainage channel Jews used to escape from the city’s Roman conquerors

1899 — (5st of Tishrei, 5660) Captain Alfred Dreyfus condemned a second time
1930 — (16th of Elul, 5690) Sixty-year-old David Weisbord, the author of a book on Vilna and one of the founders of Tel Aviv, the world’s only ‘all Jewish city’ passed away today in Tel Aviv
2003 — (12th of Elul, 5763) ….. Dr. David Applebaum, 51, of Jerusalem – head of the emergency room at Shaare Zedek Medical Center; Nava Applebaum, 20, of Jerusalem – David Applebaum’s daughter who was to have been married the day after the bombing; David Shimon Avizadris, 51, of Mevaseret Zion; Shafik Kerem, 27, of Beit Hanina; Alon Mizrahi, 22, of Jerusalem – the Café Hillel’s coffee security guard; Gila Moshe, 40, of Jerusalem and Yehiel (Emil) Tubol, 52, of Jerusalem were murdered today by a Hamas terrorist at the Café Hillel, a Jerusalem coffee house