September 3

History events
-141 — (18th of Elul, 3619) The fight begun by Matthias and Judah came to a successful conclusion when Simon was elected High Priest and was recognized as the governing authority of an independent Jewish state
1189 — (19th of Elul, 4949) Coronation massacre at London
1852 — (19th of Elul, 5612) Anti-Jewish riots at Stockholm
1908 — (7th of Elul, 5668) In Czernowitz, the First Conference for the Yiddish Language came to a close
1917 — (16th of Elul, 5677) The British cabinet formally discusses the document that will be known as the Balfour Declaration. ….. While most ministers favored the declaration, Edwin Montagu a Jewish member of the cabinet spoke out against the declaration. He feared that the declaration of Palestine as the Jewish National Home would undermine the progress that British Jews had made on the road to full acceptance in their English homeland. As secretary of state to India, Montagu claimed that the pro-Zionist statement would inflame the Moslem population of India
1926 — (24th of Elul, 5686) A fight broke out today between a group of Bedouins and the residents of Avodath Israel after the Jews refusing the shepherds’ request to their sheep graze on land belonging to the settlement. The Jews refused because they it would be a violation of the government quarantine imposed in response to the current cattle plague
1939 — (19th of Elul, 5699) The SS executed 26 Jews in the Polish frontier town, Wieruszow
1951 — (2th of Elul, 5711) According to published reports ….. Israel is facing the worse food crisis that has confronted the Jewish state since its birth three years ago. Except on the black market, fruits and vegetables have been all but unavailable on the local market. The meat ration has been canceled for the last three weeks and there was no sugar ration available during August. The cause of the shortage is the continued flow of new immigrants to the country which means that the food supply is always outstripped by the ever-increasing demand
2009 — (14th of Elul, 5769) The Antiquities Authority said a 3,700-year-old wall that is the oldest example of massive fortifications ever found Jerusalem will be opened to the public beginning today
2014 — (8th of Elul, 5774) Israel signed a memorandum of understanding with Jordan today, under which it will supply the Hashemite Kingdom with $15 billion worth of natural gas from its Leviathan energy field over 15 years

1814 — (18th of Elul, 5574) James Joseph Sylvester, English mathematician, born