September 27

History events
70 — (4th of Tishrei, 3831) The walls of the upper city of Jerusalem were battered down by the Roman army
1540 — (26th of Tishrei, 5301) The Society of Jesus known as The Jesuits was founded by Ignatius Loyola. ….. The first Jesuits were Spanish Christians who began their work at a time when the reconquest of Spain from the Moslems was but recently accomplished, and persons with Moorish or Jewish ancestry were under suspicion. It is accordingly much to their credit that the Jesuits were firmly opposed (particularly under Ignatius and his first three successors as Superior General of the Jesuits) to ecclesiastical anti-Semitism and to the Inquisition’s persecution of suspected Jews. When Ignatius was accused of having partly Jewish ancestry, he replied, «If only I did! What could be more glorious than to be of the same blood as the Apostles, the Blessed Virgin, and our Lord Himself?»
1791 — (28th of Tishrei, 5551) Emancipation of the Jews of France
1926 — (19th of Tishrei, 5687) “The Palestine Electric Corporation, Ltd. Formed to develop the Rutenberg concession for the electrification of Palestine announced today that Lord Reading, the ex-Viceroy to India, Sir Alfred Mond, Sir Hugo Hirst and James de Rothschild” have agreed to join the company’s Board of Directors and that “Lord Reading will be Chairman of the Board of Directors.
1930 — (5th of Tishrei, 5691) When the Yiddish talking film “The Jewish Mother,” ….. an American production was presented for the first time tonight at the Mograbi Theatre in Tel Aviv a mob of several thousands of Jews gathered outside the theatre shouting ‘Down with Yiddish! Hebrew is our language. Several young men, members of the ‘Army for the Defense of the Hebrew Langue,’ broke into the theatre and threw tear bombs. They also hurled ink bottles at the screen. Policemen immediately were sent to the scene and found it almost impossible to force their way through the huge mob. They finally succeeded in arresting about a dozen of the ringleaders and dispersing the mob. The show was then continued, but soon afterwards an even larger mob again gathered and the authorities found it necessary to order that the show be discontinued. Even then the crowd refused leave until all the lights in the theatre were out
1936 — (11th of Tishrei, 5697) At Yankee Stadium a crowd of more than 30,000 people saw the better teamwork of the Maccabees, soccer champions of Palestine, route the New York State Football Association All-Stars 6 to 0 in a contest sponsored by the Federation of Polish Jewish in America the proceeds of which will be shared by the American Committee for the Relief of Jews in Poland and the Maccabee Tel Aviv Sports Organization in Palestine
1939 — (14th of Tishrei, 5700) Нolocaust. Berlin issues a command to establish Jewish ghettos in Poland on the same day that formal Polish military resistance collapses
1941 — (6th of Tishrei, 5702) Нolocaust. The two day massacre of the Jews began at at Kamenets-Podolsk, in the Ukraine
1942 — (16th of Tishrei, 5703) Нolocaust. ….. An additional 897 French Jews were killed at Berkenau; Several hundred Belgian Jews were killed at Berkenau; Three hundred cold and hungry women and children, part of the 1000 Jews still at large following a September 24 escape from the ghetto at Tuchin, Ukraine, return to the city under German promises of safe repatriation. All 300 are shot. Of the 700 Tuchin Jews who remained at large, only about 20 will survive the war; The ghetto at Parysow, Poland was liquidated when it 3,500 inhabitants were shipped to Treblinka
1943 — (27th of Elul, 5703) Нolocaust. ….. Ugo Foa, head of the Jewish community in Rome approached the Vatican in hopes of getting a Papal loan for the fifty kilograms of gold the SS was demanding if the Jews were to avoid deportation to the death camps. In a rare act designed to save Jews, Pius XII approved the request. Funds were never released since the Jews, acting in desperation, raised the funds on their own
1948 — (23th of Elul, 5708) During Operation Velvetta five Spitfires flown by Israeli pilots began a 2,500 mile from Yugoslavia to Israel, much of which was over open water without modern navigational aids. Two ran out of gas and were forced to land on the island of Rhodes. The other three made it safely to Ramat David
1950 — (16th of Tishrei, 5711) The Third Maccabiah, Jewish equivalent of the Olympic Games, opened today at the new stadium in suburban Ramat Gan, where about 30,000 persons watched a parade of athletes from twenty countries…
1962 — (28th of Elul, 5722) The United States sold Hawk anti-aircraft missiles to Israel
1978 — (25th of Elul, 5738) The Knesset approved the Camp David Accords with 84 affirmative voted, 19 opposed and 17 abstentions
2006 — (5th of Tishrei, 5767) Jerusalem District Court sentenced a Jewish settler to four consecutive life sentences plus an additional 12 years in prison for murdering four Palestinian men

1786 — (5th of Tishrei, 5547) Birthdate of Abraham Ben Samuel Firkovich, the native of Lutsk, Volhynia who became a leading Karaite archeologist