September 23

History events
1726 — (9th of Tishrei, 5487) Charles VII issued an order that of every Jewish family only one member should be considered «pro incola,» which meant that only one should be permitted to marry
1888 — (18th of Tishrei, 5649) “Jerusalem As A Trade Center” published today relies on information that first appeared in the London Times to provide a snapshot of conditions in Palestine. ….. During the past year that in the past year exports from Jerusalem have exceeded imports, due in part to the good harvest in the area. Two thirds of the goods that pass through Jaffa go on to Jerusalem which has become a market center for the Bedouins and villages farther to the east. There has been a significant increase in the export of religious related art most of which goes to the United States and Europe. While Jewish immigration has been limited by new Turkish regulations, the price of land has increased significantly due to the arrival of so many Jews from abroad
1911 — (1th of Tishrei, 5672) Approximately 60 people were injured when Arabs attacked Jewish worshipers in Jerusalem at the Western Wall observing the Jewish New Year
1918 — (17th of Tishrei, 5679) Five hundred British cavalrymen captured Haifa and then moved north and captured Acre
1928 — (9th of Tishrei, 5689) On the second day of the Massena (NY) Blood Libel, ….. the state police questioned a Jew named Morris Goldberg about the disappearance of four year old Barbara Griffiths who had been reported missing yesterday. Goldberg was lacking in any real knowledge about his religion and may have left the police with the impression “that there might be some truth to the rumors that Jews engage in ritual murder. The police then interrogated Berel Brennglass, the rabbi at Adath Israel Synagogue “When asked about the allegations of ritual murder, Brennglass told the police and the town’s mayor, who was present, that they should be ashamed for asking such questions. He expressed outrage that people believed such lies in the United States in the 20th century.” “Barbara Griffiths was found in the woods later that afternoon roughly a mile from her home. She told authorities she had become lost during her walk and slept in the forest. Nevertheless, some citizens of Massena continued to believe that Griffiths had been kidnapped by the Jews. They attributed her safe return to the discovery of the Jews’ plot. The Massena blood libel drew national attention.[5] Through the efforts of Rabbi Brennglass, the American Jewish Committee and the American Jewish Congress denounced the town’s leaders, prompting apologies from the mayor and the state police to the rabbi, the town’s Jews, and all Jews of the United States
1939 — (10th of Tishrei, 5700) Нolocaust. ….. On the Jewish Day of Atonement, Jews across Poland are publicly humiliated by SS troops: forced labor, coerced shavings of beards, destruction of property, beatings, and forced dancing. At Piotrków, Poland, Jews are compelled to relieve themselves in the local synagogue school, then use prayer shawls and holy books to clean up the mess
1942 — (12th of Tishrei, 5703) Нolocaust. ….. Over 2,000 Jews were deported from the «show ghetto» at Theresienstadt to the extermination camp of Maly Trostenents in the Soviet Union. Approximately 200,000 to 500,000 were murdered at the camp. There were no known survivors; At the Treblinka death camp, 10,000 Jews from Szydlowiec, Poland, are killed
1943 — (23th of Elul, 5703) Нolocaust. ….. The Nazis liquidated the Vilna Ghetto. Eight thousand of the remaining 10,000 Jews were beaten, robbed and gathered in Rosa square. One thousand, six hundred were selected to go to the labor camps in Estonia. Another 5,000 were sent to Majdanek and its new gas chambers. Hundreds of the old and sick were sent to Ponar and shot
1952 — (4th of Tishrei, 5713) Agudat Yisrael and Poalei Agudat Yisrael left the coalition today shortly after disagreements over the conscription of women into the IDF leaving the government with only 60 of the 120 seats in the Knesset
1952 — (4th of Tishrei, 5713) The Jerusalem Post reported that two Israeli soldiers were wounded by Jordanians. Infiltrators from Jordan stole animals and irrigation pipes in the Jerusalem Corridor during Yom Kippur
1956 — (18th of Tishrei, 5717) Shimon Peres ….. met with French Defense Minister Bourges-Manouy to discuss increased shipment of French arms to Israel to offset the increase of modern arms being sent to Egypt and Syria by the Soviets. The French also were seeking to involve the Israelis in Operation Musketeer,, a joint Franco-British plan to land in Egypt and seize the Suez Canal which had been nationalized by Egyptian President Nasser
1956 — (18th of Tishrei, 5717) A Jordanian soldier at a border post north of Bethlehem opened fired on a group of a hundred Israeli archaeologists who were examining the ancient ruins excavated at Rmat Rahal, the southernmost point of Jewish Jerusalem. Four of the archaeologists were killed. One of the four was the daughter in law of Golda Meir
2014 — (28th of Elul, 5774) The Israel Navy welcomed a new submarine to its ranks at a ceremony for the INS Tanin in the port of Haifa today

1837 — (13th of Tishrei, 5598) On the secular calendar Rabbi Akiva Eiger of Posen passed away. Born in 1761, he was a renowned scholar and leading Talmudist. He was also a leading opponent of the Reform movement sweeping across German, one of the leading Talmudists in the first half of the nineteenth century
1936 — (7th of Tishrei, 5697) Meier Dizengoff, one of the founders of Tel Aviv and its first and only Mayor, passed away at the age of 75
1939 — (10th of Tishrei, 5700): Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, died at the age of 83
1948 — (19th of Elul, 5708) Iraq’s wealthiest Jew, Shafiq Ades, a secular man with close ties to the monarch and the Iraq business elite was hanged today before cheering crowds outside his mansion in Basra on trumped up charges of aiding Israel