September 21

History events
1104 — (29th of Elul, 4864) The first synagogue in Speyer was consecrated today, “eleven years after the pogrom of 1096
1348 — (28th of Tishrei, 5109) The Jews of Switzerland ….. were charged with perpetuation of the Black Death epidemic. There were riots in Bern Chilon and Zurich. Jews held at Chilion were tortured until they «confessed» to having poisoned wells in the area around Venice, Italy. Many Swiss Jews were burned to death during the riots while others were expelled from their respective cities after the violence had subsided. The Black Death was supposed to have been caused by poisoned wells and the Jews were the responsible for poisoning the wells
1451 — (25th of Tishrei, 5212) Jews of Arnhem were ordered to wear the Jew-badge by the Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa, the Cardinal for that part of Holland
1553 — (13th of Tishrei, 5314) The Talmud was confiscated and publicly burned in Rome under the auspices of Cardinal Caraffa, later to be Pope Paul IV, a rabid counter-Reformationist. The Cardinal chose this day specifically because it was Rosh Hashanah so the Jews would feel the grief more strongly. Talmud burning would spread to other parts of Italy
1731 — (2th of Tishrei, 5492) Jews were granted the right to attend fairs in Smolensk provided that they limit their transactions to wholesale business
1910 — (17th of Elul, 5670) “Ezrah,” the first Ashkenazi community organization is founded in Montevideo, Uruguay
1939 — (8th of Tishrei, 5700) Heydrich, the Chief of the Reich Central Security Office, ….. held a conference in Berlin to discuss the long-term future of Polish Jewry. During the conference, Heydrich stated that there was an ultimate plan for dealing with the Jews, the first step of which called for the concentration. He orders chiefs of Einsatzgruppen to establish, in cooperation with German civil and military authorities, Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland. He decrees that all Jewish communities in Poland and Greater Germany with populations under 500 are to be dissolved, so that deportations of Jews to urban ghettos and concentration camps can be accelerated. Further, Heydrich orders the establishment of ghetto Judenräte (Jewish councils). The main goals of the ghettoization process are to isolate Jews, force them to manufacture items for Germany, and provide easy Nazi access for murder and deportation
1942 — (10th of Tishrei, 5703) In Dunaivtsi, Ukraine, Nazis murder 2588 Jews; Open-pit burning of bodies begins at Auschwitz in place of burial. The decision is made to dig up and burn those already buried (107,000 corpses) to prevent the fouling of ground water and to hide evidence of atrocities.
1951 — (20th of Elul, 5711) Five Israel soldiers were wounded, three of them seriously, in ambush south of the Dead Sea that was believed to have been conducted by Arab infiltrators from Jordan
1955 — (5th of Tishrei, 5716) As Egypt continued to contest the settling of a stable border with Israel, the IDF entered the dmz in the vicinity of Nitzana/Auja and “evicted the Egyptian military personnel stationed there” and then withdrew when the Egyptians agreed not to interfere with the setting of border markers.

1710 — (8th of Tishrei, 5471) Hodel, daughter of Moshe Kikinish of Lemberg, died a martyr’s death after falsely confessing to blood-ritual charges in order to save the lives of other Jews
1973 — (24th of Elul, 5733) The U.S. Senate confirmed Henry Kissinger as Secretary of State. Kissinger was the first Jewish person to hold the position
2005 — (17th of Elul, 5765) The Jerusalem Post reported that Simon Wiesenthal the famed Nazi hunter who died on Tuesday at the age of 96 will be buried in Jerusalem on Friday