September 20

History events
1701 — (28th of Elul, 5461) In Great Britain, Bevis Marks Synagogue inaugurated
1775 — (25th of Elul, 5535) Maria Theresa issued an order allowing Jews to “keep tanneries” which was the third of three orders that would appear to show a desire to improve the economic conditions of the Jews
1870 — (24th of Elul, 5630) Ghetto at Rome abolished
1925 — (2th of Tishrei, 5686) The fourteen Yiddish theaters in Greater New York, opened the season of 1925-26 on the second day of Rosh Hashanah and all have played to capacity houses.
1939 — (7th of Tishrei, 5700) All radios owned by Jews in Greater Germany were confiscated
1941 — (28th of Elul, 5701) Several thousand Jews, mostly women and children from Kovno, Lithuania, are executed at the local synagogue after being held there for three days
1942 — (9th of Tishrei, 5703) In Letychiv, Ukraine, the SS starts a two day murder spree that claims the lives of at least 3,000 Jews.
1943 — (20th of Elul, 5703) One thousand Jewish inmates of the camp at Szebnie, Poland, are trucked to a nearby field, stripped naked and executed with machine guns. The bodies are burned and the bones thrown into the Jasiolka River. Those who had been ordered to pile the dead bodies onto a pyre were then shot to death as well.
1944 — (3th of Tishrei, 5705) The Jewish Brigade Group is formed by the British high command. ….. After a long battle by Chaim Weizmann and Moshe Sharret, the British agreed to the establishment of a Jewish Army to fight alongside British troops. In all over 5000 people from pre-state Israel including many who had fled from Europe enlisted. Seven hundred of them lost their lives. After the war they formed the nucleus for those working to get Jews from Italy and the Balkans by legal or illegal efforts
1948 — (16th of Elul, 5708) Today, “following the Altalena incident” battalions of the IZL which had been “fighting in Jerusalem…were disbanded and their soldiers joined the IDF on an individual basis” in accord with Ordinance No. 4 which established the IDF as Israel’s only military force
1951 — (19th of Elul, 5711) In a speech given at the Jerusalem Shoe Company ….. marking the end of Industry Week Israel’s Finance Minister Eliezer Kaplan announced “a program to mobilize $300,000,000 for new industrial projects in the next three years. In his speech Kaplan declared, “Some think Israel needs pity. But I say we need assistance. We are building at a tremendous tempo and Israel is surmounting its difficulties
1959 — (17th of Elul, 5719) In Cologne, the Roonstrasse Synagogue which was originally dedicated in 1899 and destroyed during Kristallnacht was reopened with a formal dedication ceremony today

1487 — Gedaliah Yaḥya, writer on history, died