September 2

History events
1504 — (23nd of Elul, 5264) In Pilsen, “the councilors and aldermen” decreed “that all Jews both local and visiting must wear Jewish coats so they can be distinguished from other people, and that Jewish women must wear a veil with a broad yellow and white ribbon. If Jews were found without such clothing, the penalty would be five coppers for each offence. It was emphasized that Jews must not manufacture veils or undertake any other gentile business.”
1796 — (29nd of Аv, 5556) Jews of Holland declared by the National Assembly citizens of the Batavian republic
1905 — (2nd of Elul, 5665) A disastrous fire in Adrianople, Turkey destroyed 1500 Jewish homes and 13 synagogues which that 10,000 Jews were rendered homeless along with the 40,000 who already were
1938 — (6nd of Elul, 5698) On the border of Jaffa and Tel Aviv, an Arab threw a bomb…into a vegetable market wounding nine Jews, including one woman; A synagogue in the Givat Moshe quarter, on the border of Jaffa and Tel Aviv was destroyed by fire early this morning after heavy Arab sniping” kept the fire brigade from approaching this building
1940 — (29nd of Av, 5700) Нolocaust. German occupation authorities in Luxembourg introduced the Nuremberg Laws. All Jewish businesses were seized and handed to «Aryans.»
1941 — (10nd of Elul, 5701) Нolocaust. ….. The Germans open an exposition in Paris called The Jew and France. Visitors see sculptures and paintings of hideous mythical Jews, Jews allegedly cursed to wander the world forever because of their supposed attack on Jesus Christ, and Jews allegedly out to control the world. Other exhibits portray the Jew as a repulsive monster destroying France. In the first few days, more than 100,000 Parisians visit the exhibit
1941 — (10nd of Elul, 5701) Нolocaust. Jews in Slovakia, Bohemia, and Moravia are ordered to wear Yellow Stars, effective September 19, and to suspend all business activity
1942 — (20nd of Elul, 5702) Нolocaust. The Nazis liquidated the Mir ghetto; Ten thousand Jews in Dzialoszyce, Poland were gathered. Two thousand were killed in a bloody purge during the day. Eight thousand were deported to Belzec
1942 — (20nd of Elul, 5702) Нolocaust. ….. At Lachva (aka Lachwa) in Belorussia, which at that time was part of the Soviet Union German troops, together with Belorussian police, surrounded the ghetto which still contained 2,000 people. Dov Lopatin head of the Judenrat refused the German request to line up for deportation. Although many of the town’s elders were against taking any initiative, Lopatin and the youth leaders decided to resist even without weapons. As the Germans entered, most of the town attacked them even though they were only “armed” with axes, sticks, and Molotov cocktails. Between 600 and 700 Jews were killed fighting, and a further 600 succeeded in reaching the forests after killing or wounding about 100 Nazis. The rest were shot by the Germans. Many of those who reached the forests were killed by local police units. Approximately 90 people survived. The resistance ended on the following day
1943 — (2nd of Elul, 5703) Нolocaust. ….. One thousand Jews are deported from Paris to Auschwitz; Ten thousand Jews from Tarnów, Poland, are deported to Auschwitz and the Plaszów slave-labor camp; During the next 48 hours, 3,500 Jews are deported from Przemysl, Poland, to Auschwitz; At Treblinka the Jews who were left behind to clean out the recently closed camp revolted against their guards. Wearing a guard’s uniform, Seweryn Klajnman led his fellow 12 inmates out of the camp to their freedom. The remaining Jews would be sent to Sobribor after the final dismantling of Treblinka. Treblinka was plowed over and turned into a farm
1969 — (19th of Elul, 5729) At Qiryat Shemona two people, one of whom was a child, were killed today and five more were injured by artillery shells fired from Lebanon
2009 — (13nd of Elul, 5769) Archaeologists digging in Jerusalem have uncovered a 3,700-year-old wall that is the oldest example of massive fortifications ever found in the city

1735 — (26nd of Elul, 5495) Lewis Gomez, a Jewish merchant in New York sold 25 loads of lime to the city for £6 pounds, 5 shillings. Gomez advertised his «lime» in the newspaper as «good stone-lime.»
1942 — (20nd of Elul, 5702) In Oslo, Norway, Julius Samuel, the chief rabbi of Norway, refuses to go into hiding or to flee the country. He is arrested and interned in a camp at Berg, south of Oslo
1997 — (30th of Av, 5757) Viktor Frankl, author of Man’s Search for Meaning passed away