September 18

History events
-825 — (20th of Tishrei, 2937) The Jewish people began a 14-day celebration to dedicate the Holy Temple in Jerusalem. The Temple project was initiated by King David, and built by his son, King Solomon. Solomon’s Temple was the spiritual center of Jewish life for 410 years, until its destruction by the Babylonians in 422 BCE (As reported by Aish)
1612 — (27 Elul) In Frankfurt, Vincent Fettmilch a former pastry cook and leader of the Guilds», calling himself the «new Haman of the Jews attacked the synagogue while the community was at prayer. Although many tried to organize a defense they were soon overpowered and many took shelter in the cemetery
1656 — (10th of Tishrei, 5417) Yom Kippur services were held for the first time in Amsterdam. Neighbors thinking that they were secret Catholics reported them to the authorities and the leaders were arrested. Once it was explained that they were secret Jews rather than Papists, they were let alone and the leaders released
1880 — (13th of Tishrei, 5641) Sultan of Morocco grants religious liberty to Jews and Christians
1943 — (18th of Elul, 5703) Two thousand Jews in Minsk, Belorussia, are deported to the Sobibór death camp; 80 are selected for forced labor and the rest are gassed; The Nazis begin the deportation of the Jews of Lida, Belorussia to the Majdanek death camp; Hitler orders the deportation of Danish Jews
1946 — (22th of Elul, 5706) One portion of Emanuel Ringelblum’s Warsaw Ghetto diary, ….. which was secretly buried by Ringelblum, was discovered in a ruined house at 68 Nowolipki Street in Warsaw. Born in 1900, Ringelblum was a trained historian having received his doctorate in 1927. He spent many years before the war working in Jewish communal activities especially with those Polish Jews who were exiled from Germany in the 1930’s. After the Warsaw Ghetto had been built Ringelbaum was head of the cultural affairs section of the underground Jewish government. He created an archive unit known as Oneg Shabbat which would turn out to be the most complete record of the life of Poland’s Jews under the Nazis. Ringelblum hid his archival treasure trove including his diaries in three large metal containers. Ringelbaum took part in the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising and later escaped from Trawniki labor camp. Unfortunately, his hideout was discovered and he and his family were murdered on March 7, 1944
1949 — (24th of Elul, 5709) The Israeli pound was devalued tonight to $2.80” which “put the Israeli currency on a parity with the pound sterling
1952 — (28th of Elul, 5712) The Jerusalem Post reported that a wide range of Israel-designed gowns, dresses, blouses, shirts and coats was flown to the US for a roving exhibition, arranged by the Bonds Drive, to promote Israeli exports.
1978 — (16th of Elul, 5738) Camp David Accords were signed between Egyptian president Anwar Sadat, Israeli Prime Minister, Menachem Begin and US President Jimmy Carter. The accords were based on the principal of total withdrawal for total peace including diplomatic ties, open borders, and trade relations. The agreement led to the formal peace treaty.

1346 — (1th of Tishrei, 5107) The sons Judah ben Asher “the German Talmudist who became the Rabbi at Toledo” signed an agreement similar to the one already signed by their father and their uncle regarding “the disposition of their own earnings” for charitable purposed
1758 — (15th of Elul, 5518) Rabbi Akiv Eger author of Mishnas De’Rebbi Akiva who was rabbi of Zülz, Silesia from 1749 and Pressburg from 1756 and the grandfather of Rabbi Akiva Eger passed away today.
1764 — (21th of Elul, 5524) Jonathan Eybeschütz, rabbi and author, died
1890 — (4th of Tishrei, 5651) Benjamin Franklin Peixotto, one of the most prominent Jewish leaders of the second half of the 19th century, died of consumption today at his home in New York City