September 12

History events
-423 — (3 Tishrei 3338) On the civil calendar assassination of Gedaliah ben Achikam
1695 — (13th of Tishrei, 5456) The governor of New York was petitioned to allow the Jews to exercise their religion in public. Therefore, the governor declined the petition. Apparently, this ban was not enforced since by the end of the 17th century, a building on Beaver Street in Manhattan was known as the Jewish Synagogue.» In 1730, Congregation Shearith Israel (Remnant of Israel) publicly dedicated its new house of worship
1901 — (28th of Elul, 5661) Gedera was attacked by Arabs.
1931 — (1th of Tishrei, 5692) First organized attack by Nazi storm troopers against Jews took place in Berlin
1935 — (14th of Elul, 5695) The New Zionist Organization is founded in Vienna by Zev Jabotinsky. ….. For many years there was tension between the World Zionist Organization and the Revisionist Party. Some of it was the result tactical differences, including the expansion of the Jewish Agency to include «non-Zionists.» In addition there was still strong resentment and political tensions in the aftermath of the Alosoroff murder. The actual break came with a resolution to prohibit any independent political activity of Zionist organizations. Eleven years later they rejoined the WZO. The formation of this organization was just another example of differences between Jabotinsky and his supporters (including Menachem Begin) on the one hand and the Labor Zionists on the other. These differences have continued to this day and may be seen in the electoral politics of Israel in the 21st century
1937 — (7th of Tishrei, 5698) The Palestine Post reported that Shanghai Jews had created a special, volunteer Jewish Zionist defense force to protect their community
1939 — (28th of Tishrei, 5699) Thirty-two Jews taken away in trucks at Pilca, Poland, shot dead and left in woods
1941 — (20th of Elul, 5701) One thousand, two hundred, sixty seven Jews were taken from Vilna and sent to Polna to be shot
1949 — (18th of Elul, 5709) The Knesset passed a compulsory education law.
1951 — (11th of Elul, 5711) The Cabinet approved today a declaration by Finance Minister Eliezer Kaplan that ….. funds raised through the sale of Israeli bonds in the United States would be invested mainly in industrial and agricultural expansion and not diverted to meet «current and pressing emergency needs.» Despite the worsening food situation, Mr. Kaplan said this action was necessary if Israel was to “achieve economic independence for our rapidly growing population.” Prime Minister Ben Gurion endorsed the plan even though it could mean a great deal of privation for the current generation
1952 — (22th of Elul, 5712) The Jerusalem Post published the full text of the agreement on German reparations to Israel
1956 — (7th of Tishrei, 5717) Three Druze guardsmen — Nawaf Abu-Ghazi, Suleiman Hatoum and Rafik Abdullah – were killed tonight when a Palestinian Fedayeen squad entered Israel from Jordon and attacked the Ein Ofrarim facility near Hatzvea setting the stage for an Israeli response – Operation Shoshana
2005 — (8th of Elul, 5765) The eviction of all residents, demolition of the residential buildings and evacuation of associated security personnel from the Gaza Strip was completed today
2015 — (28th of Elul, 5775) After almost a week of choking dust blanketing Israel – the worse sandstorm to hit Israel in its history – the Environmental Protection Ministry said today that the thick yellowish-brown particles filling the air have begun to dissipate

1736 — (18th of Tishrei, 5497) Austrian Rabbi David Ben Abraham Oppenheim whose work included novels and response and who developed one of the largest libraries of his time that he developed from a collection left by his Uncle Samuel Oppenheim
1898 — (25th of Elul, 5658) Birthdate of Ben Shahn, famed painter, muralist and printmaker
1898 — (25th of Elul, 5658) Birthdate of Soviet photographer Arkady Shaiket, who like Robert Capa and Joe Rosenthal was another Jewish photojournalist who provided iconic WW II photographs
1921 — (9th of Elul, 5681) Birthdate of Polish science fiction writer Stanislaw Lem
1943 — (12th of Elul, 5703) Abraham (Avrom) Sutzkever, the famous Yiddish poet and his wife escaped from the Vilna Ghetto. Sutzkever’s mother and infant son had already been killed by the Nazis. After escaping, Sutzkever joined with his fellow Yiddish poet Shmerke Kaczerginsky to fight against the Nazis as part of Jewish partisan unit under the command of Moshe Judka Rudnitski