September 1

History events
-1312 — (10th of Tishrei, 2449) According to the Bible, the day on which Moses came down from Mt. Sinai with the second set of Tablets on which the Ten Commandments were inscribed
1199 — (8th of Tishri, 4959) Maimonides wrote to Samuel Ibn-Tibbon ….. , who as translating the «Guide to the Perplexed from Arabic into Hebrew. The letter included advice on how to do this as well as plea that Ibn-Tibbon not undertake his planned trip from France to Egypt to visit him. The distance was too great and he would be too busy since to see him for more than an hour since each day except Shabbat he must travel from Fostat to Cairo where he spends half a day ministering to the Sultan and his court. Then he travels back to Fostat where he is besieged by Jews, Moslems, et al all seeking his medical skill and advice
1267 — (9th of Elul, 5027) Ramban (Moses Nachmanides or Moses ben Nachman) arrived in Jerusalem. ….. Born in 1194, Nachmanides was a famed commentator on the Torah and Talmud and a major communal leader in Spain. He also was the court physician to King James of Aragon (a part of Spain). King James forced him to defend Judaism in a public debate with Pablo Christiani, a Jew who had converted to Catholicism. To make a long story short, Nachmanides vigorous defense angered the Dominican friars and Nahcmanides was forced to flee. He gave life to a Jewish community in Jerusalem that had fallen on such hard times that it had trouble gathering a minyan. Among other things he built a synagogue in Jerusalem that was the sole such building for several centuries to come
1531 — (19th of Elul, 5291) Jews of Brest ordered to obey court of Rabbi Mendel Frank
1614 — (8th of Tishri, 5375) Anti-Jewish riots at Frankfort-on-the-Main, under Fettmilch, 1614
1836 — (19th of Elul, 5596) Reconstruction begins on the “Synagogue of Rabbi Judah Hasid” in Jerusalem
1929 — (26th of Аv, 5689) Amir el-Hussein, Grand Mufti and President of the Supreme Moslem Council warned of “a grave national revolt” by 60 million Muslims if Great Britain persists in enforcing the Balfour Declaration.
1939 — (17th of Elul, 5699) Because of the outbreak of WW II, the last of the eight “Winton Trains” did not leave because “all borders controlled by Germany were closed” and the 250 children on board “were never seen again” leading to the assumption that all “perished in concentration camps.”
1941 — (9th of Elul, 5701) Нolocaust. The Ukrainian newspaper Volhyn carried the following — «The element that settled our cities (Jews). . . must disappear completely from our cities. The Jewish problem is already in the process of being solved.”
1942 — (19th of Elul, 5702) Нolocaust. ….. Thousands of Jews from Stry, Ukraine, are murdered at the Belzec death camp; A German shepherd that licks the face of a Jewish baby at the Treblinka extermination camp is savagely beaten by its SS master before the guard tramples the baby to death; Security forces raid five hospitals in the Lódz (Poland) Ghetto, evacuating and slaughtering patients. Babies are thrown out of an upper-story windows, some bayoneted before they hit the ground; In the town Wlodzimierz Wolynski, the Germans asked the Jewish Council to gather 7,000 Jews for transport. Jocob Kogen a member of the council committed suicide because he did not want to bear the responsibility of sending people to their death
1943 — (1th of Elul, 5703) Нolocaust. ….. Jews at the Sobibór death camp attack SS guards with stones and bottles. All attackers are killed; There was an uprising in Vilna, Lithuania. After the disaster of July and the death of Yitzhak Wittenberg, many of those in the underground decided to flee the city. The German entry into the ghetto was a surprise and there was no time to organize. Forty fighters led by Yechiel Scheinbaum fought until they were all killed. Approximately 200 more left the ghetto and joined the partisans. A second Aktion on September 23 marked the end of the ghetto
1952 — (11th of Elul, 5712) The Israeli government announced that extra rations for meat and poultry would be available for the High Holy Days

1919 — (6th of Elul, 5679) Rabbi Abraham I. Kook arrived in Palestine today to assume his role as Chief Rabbi