October 7

History events
-3761 — (20 Cheshvan) According to some Jewish traditionalists, this corresponds to the date on which God created the World. This marks the start of the epoch of the Modern Hebrew calendar.
1272 — (12th of Cheshvan, 5033) Pope Gregory X condemned the ritual murder libels aimed at the Jewish people. In addition, since Jews could not bear witness against Christians, he refused to accept testimony by a Christian against a Jew unless it was confirmed by another Jew
1349 — (24th of Tishrei, 5110) The Jewish population of Krems, Germany, was massacred in the Black Death riots
1555 — (22th of Tishrei, 5316) Hundreds of Jews in Cracow were killed during the Hakafot, the ritual trouping of the Torah connected with Simchat Torah
1897 — (11th of Tishrei, 5658) The Bund (Jewish Workers Party) held its first conference in Russia. It was the first Jewish Socialist party in Eastern Europe.
1946 — (12th of Tishrei, 5707) The Jewish National Fund made a world-wide appeal today to Jews to contribute $20,000,000 during the upcoming Jewish year. Dr. Abraham Granowsky, chairman of the Board of Directors of the JNF said that funds contributed during the past year had made it possible for new settlements to be built in areas that extended the reach of the Yishuv
1951 — (7th of Tishrei, 5712) Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion presented his new government to the Knesset
1973 — (11th of Tishrei, 5734) Yom Kippur War. ….. Today “srael’s defense minister Moshe Dayan told prime minister Golda Meir to consider making preparations for the use of nuclear weapons; On the second day of the Yom Kippur War, 100 tanks arrived on Israel’s border with Syria. General Hofi, the Israeli commander on the Northern Front had requested the tanks before the fighting started. This meant that General Hofi had 170 tanks to use against 1,400 Syrian tanks; On the second day of the war the IAF lost six F-4 Phantoms over Syria during Model 5 a mission designed to knock the Syrian SAM batteries on the Gloan front – a mission that failed miserably
1973 — (11th of Tishrei, 5734) Yom Kippur War. ….. Caught by surprise and badly outnumbered, Israeli troops cling to front in the Sinai. In twenty four hours the Israeli force of 290 tanks had been reduced by two thirds. Dayan visited the Sinai front and called for a withdrawal to the Sinai passes, which he thought would be a better line of defense. General Sharon arrived with a reinforcing division and wanted to advance to the east bank of the Canal. As the generals debated, the soldiers on the ground were fighting a series of bloody holding actions. Egyptian hand held missiles were negating the edge that the Air Force and armored units had previously given the IDF
1973 — (11th of Tishrei, 5734) Yom Kippur War. ….. A discussion took place at the Prime Minister’s Office that centered on how to enlist American support at the United Nations and head off a cease-fire that would hurt Israel. Mrs. Meir suggested putting together a list of requests. Mrs. Meir rejected a suggesting that the Israelis should present U.S. secretary of state Henry Kissinger with a partial, distorted picture exaggerating Israel’s poor situation to win the Nixon administration’s support. Meir rejected the suggestion out of hand. «We should telegraph him the details; he should get the real picture,» she said. «We can’t play hide and seek with him.» Minister Yisrael Galili asked in response, «Do we sell him the fact that we’ve moved out of the populated areas?» Mrs. Meir replied, «I don’t object to us saying, there’s also risk to populated areas … I want to give him the real picture. I’m not under the impression the situation is doomed … We should tell it to him convincingly. Tonight was a bad night.
1973 — (11th of Tishrei, 5734) Yom Kippur War. On the second day of the Battle for the Valley of Tears, “Syrians forces suffered heavy losses as the outnumbered Israeli tanks and infantry fought desperately to buy time for reserves forces to reach the front lines.”
1990 — (18th of Tishrei, 5751) Israel begins handing out gas masks to its citizens as Sadam Hussein threatens to fire Scuds armed with chemical weapons on the Jewish state
2023 — (22th of Tishrei, 5784) Palestinian terrorists in the Gaza Strip launched massive rocket barrages at southern and central Israel this morning, combined with an assault by dozens of gunmen who infiltrated the border town of Sderot and other communities, clashing with Israel Defense Force troops killing at least 40 Israelis and injuring 779 more.

1741 — (8th of Cheshvan, 5502) Eleazar of Brody, rabbi at Amsterdam, died
1879 — (20th of Tishrei, 5640) Birthdate of Leon Davidovich Bronstein, the son of wealthy Jewish farmers in the Ukraine, who became Leon Trotskky
1973 — (11th of Tishrei, 5734) Yom Kippur War. Avikam Lif, Ami Elkelei, Shuki Wolfson, Avi Barber, and Zvi Afik were all taken prisoner when the F-4E Phantom Jets they were flying were shot down by Syrian Surface to Air Missiles (SAM)