October 5

History events
871 — (16th of Tishrei, 4632) A scribe stopped writing a ketubah that he had dated the 16th day of Tishrei because he had made a mistake on the date. (This ketubah would turn out to be the oldest dated document found when the Genizah of Cairo was opened in the 19th century)
1450 — (29th of Tishrei, 5211) Ludwig IX expelled the Jews from Lower Bavaria
1920 — (23th of Tishrei, 5681) The final section of the railway which ran between Jaffa and Lydda and which had been completed in September was “inaugurated at a ceremony” today attended by the British High Commissioner, Herbert Samuel
1936 — (19th of Tishrei, 5697) While fifty marauders invaded the Jewish neighborhoods in the East End of London smashing windows and plate glass store fronts with brick and stones
1945 — (28th of Tishrei, 5706) In a final bid to use persuasion and diplomacy to change British policy, Chaim Weizmann meets with Ernest Bevin, the Foreign Minister in the new Labor Government. Having turned its back on the party’s pro-Zionist stance, the belligerent Bevin tells Weizmann, “If you want a fight, you can have it.”
1973 — (9th of Tishrei, 5734) Yom Kippur War. ….. General Ariel Sharon was shown aerial photographs and other intelligence by Yehoshua Saguy, his divisional intelligence officer. General Sharon noticed that the concentration of Egyptian forces along the canal was far beyond anything observed during the training exercises, and that the Egyptians had amassed all of their crossing equipment along the canal. He then called General Shmuel Gonen, who had replaced him as head of Southern Command, and expressed his certainty that war was imminent; Soviet advisers and their families left Egypt and Syria, transport aircraft thought to be laden with military equipment landed in Cairo and Damascus, and aerial photographs revealed that Egyptian and Syrian concentrations of tanks, infantry and SAM missiles were at an unprecedented high; Chief of Military Intelligence Major General Eli Zeira reassured “special means” listening devices were not producing any warning signs that war was imminent. Only later would the Israeli government find that Zeira had not activated these devices; The Israeli missile boat flotilla concluded its first full-scale maneuvers the day before the start of the Yom Kippur War. These boats with their unique missile armament would play a key role in protecting the Israel coast during the fighting; On the eve of what would become the Yom Kippur War, the division manning the Israeli defenses along the Suez Canal requested reinforcements. The requests was denied because the Israeli General Headquarters had decided that the Egyptian troops massed on the west bank of the Suez Canal were engaged in military exercise; military exercises that senior command was sure were about to come to an end; Disturbed by continued massing of Egyptian and Syrian forces on their respective borders with Israel and the withdrawal of Soviet ships from Egyptian ports, the Chief of Staff puts the active Israeli Army on its highest level of preparedness. He also ordered a limited mobilization of certain reserve units. The numerical strength of the Israeli Army lay with the reserves. Only a full mobilization of these forces could meet the onslaught of combined Egyptian, Syrian and Jordanian armies
1985 — (23rd of Tishrei, 5746) At Ras Burqa, an Egyptian soldier ….. machine gunned a group of Israeli tourists murdering Hamman Shelach – an Israeli judge in the Jerusalem Magistrates’ Court and the son of Israeli poet Yonatan Ratosh, his wife Ilana, his 12 year old daughter Tzlil, 38 year old Anita Griffel, 10 year old Amir Baum, 10 year old Dina Baria and 13 year old Ofri urel in episode made even worse by reports some Egyptian politicians hailed the killer as hero
1988 — (24th of Tishrei, 5749) Israel banned Meir Kahane’s Kach Party on grounds of racism
2003 — (9th of Tishrei, 5764) Israel bombed an Islamic Jihad base in Syria, the first Israeli attack deep inside Syrian territory in three decades

1682 — (3rd of Tishrei, 5443) Abraham Abele Gombiner the Polish rabbi born in 1635 known as the Magen Avraham passed away today
1809 — (25th of Tishrei, 5570) Levi Yitzchok of Berditchev, “also known as the Berdichever” a disciple of the Maggid of Mezritch passed away today after his son Israel “succeeded him as leader in the Chasidic Movement
1880 — (30th of Tishrei, 5641) Jacques Offenbach, French composer, died
1912 — (24th of Tishrei, 5673) New York City gangster Jack Zelig was murdered in an apparent attempt to keep him from testifying in the Rosenthal murder case
1941 — (14h of Tishrei, 5702) Former Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis, the first Jewish member of the nation’s highest court passed away at the age of 84