October 28

History events
1840 — (1th of Cheshvan, 5601) ‘Abd al-Majid receives Moses Montefiore in regard to the Damascus Affair
1913 — (27th of Tishrei, 5674) Mendel Beilis was acquitted. ….. The Beilis Trial (Russia) took place after a Christian boy was found dead near a brick factory in which Mendel Beilis worked. On June 22, 1911 he was accused of ritual murder by the government. The only evidence was the word of a drunken couple who claimed they saw a man with a black beard walking with the child. The Russian government actively took up the case after the assassination of Stolypin by a Jewish revolutionist. Professor Sikowsky, a neurologist, «proved» that Jews use Christian blood for ritual purposes. Beilis’s lawyers, Margolin and Grusenberg, fought the government for two years until diplomatic pressure forced the Russians to drop the charges. Beilis then settled in the United States, where he died after a long illness in 1934
1937 — (23th of Cheshvan, 5698) The Palestine Post reported that some 50,000 out of the 400,000 trees in the Balfour Forest were burnt by Arab arsonists who used cotton-waste bombs, soaked in paraffin. From a historic point of view, this was no mere act of arson
1942 — (17th of Cheshvan, 5703) Two thousand elderly and sick Jews were deported from Plonsk to Auschwitz. Three more transports, each carrying 2,000 Jews, left from Plonsk for Auschwitz in the next six weeks; The SS issues a secret directive that mittens and stockings confiscated from Jewish children at death camps be gathered and sent to SS families; Sixteen thousand Jews are murdered at Pinsk, Poland
1944 — (11th of Cheshvan, 5705) The last transport train from Theresienstadt arrived at Birkenau with 2,038 Jews. Of them 1,589 would find their fates in the gas chambers. Also 164 Jews from Bolzano arrived at the same time and 137 of them would be gassed immediately
1946 — (3th of Cheshvan, 5707) More than two thirds of the 300,000 eligible voters participated in today’s election in Palestine for the 79 delegates to the 22nd World Zionist Congress scheduled to open on December 9 in Basle
1948 — (25th of Tishrei, 5709) War for independence. ….. In the evening, Operation Hiram, which was designed to secure the Upper Galilee began. The sixty hour operation was successful in securing part of Israel’s border; Israeli forces clear the Egyptians from the Mediterranean coastal plain to an area south of Yad Mordechai; In the aftermath of the Kfat Etzion Massacre, the IDF 89th Commando Battalion conquered the village of al-Dawayyim which was supposed to the home of those responsible for the massacre of the Jews; Following their failed attempt to destroy the state of Israel, Egyptian forces retreated “southward from the Israeli city of Ashdod.”
1948 — (25th of Tishrei, 5709) IThe flag of Israel was adopted by the government, five months after the country’s establishment
1952 — (9th of Cheshvan, 5713) The Jerusalem Post reported that a well with a capacity of 88,800 gallons of water per hour was discovered near Beersheba. This is the same Beersheba where wells were dug in Biblical times
1955 — (12th of Cheshvan, 5716) In response to a raid by Egyptian forces on “a small Israeli outpost at Be’erotayim” two-hundred paratroopers commanded by Ariel Sharon attacked the Kuntilla outpost
1973 — (2th of Cheshvan, 5734) Israeli and Egyptian military leaders meet to implement the cease-fire at Kilometer 101 marker in the Sinai. It is the first meeting between military representatives of the two countries in 25 years
2002 — (22nd of Cheshvan, 5763) A Palestinian suicide bomber from Nabulus killed three Israelis and himself today when his explosive blew up at a gas station
2023 — (13th of Cheshvan, 5784) Iron Swords. ….. Air raid sirens sound across central Israel, including in Tel Aviv, Bnei Brak, Petah Tikva, Lod, Rishon Lezion, Holon, Rehovot and many other cities” where “heavy rocket fire” from Gaza threatens an untold number of innocent civilians, limited IDF ground raids into Gaza continue,” “a new front in the war may be opening as the IAF intercepts a drone which may have originated from “the Red Sea area,” in an apparent reference to Iran-backed Houthi rebels in Yemen. and anti-Semitism continues to rear its ugly head at college campuses in the United States

1270 — (11th of Cheshvan, 5031) Moses Naḥmanides, philosopher and commentator, died
1784 — (13th of Cheshvan, 5545) Birthdate of Sir Moses Montefiore. ….. Born in Leghorn (Italy) Montefiore was raised in London where he became a successful merchant and married into the House of Rothschild. In 1824, he «retired» from business and devoted his life to public office and philanthropy. He was the first to hold numerous political and civic positions in Great Britain. He was a leader of the Jewish Community in England and throughout Europe. He was an early supporter of Jewish settlement in Eretz Israel. Montefiore’s Windmill is a famous landmark in Jerusalem
1829 — (1th of Cheshvan, 5590) Emanuel Deutsch, English Jewish Talmudic scholar, born
2001 — (11th of Cheshvan, 5762) ….. St.-Sgt. Yaniv Levy, 22, of Zichron Yaakov was killed by Palestinian terrorists in a drive-by machine-gun ambush near Kibbutz Metzer in northern Israel; Ayala Levy, 39, of Elyachin; Smadar Levy, 23, of Hadera; Lydia Marko, 63, of Givat Ada; and Sima Menahem, 30, of Zichron Yaakov were killed when two Palestinian terrorists, members of the Palestinian police, armed with assault rifles and expanding bullets, opened fire from a vehicle on Israeli pedestrians at a crowded bus-stop in downtown Hadera. About 40 were wounded, three critically