October 17

History events
-832 — (7 Cheshvan 2928) This is considered the traditional date of the inauguration of the first Temple in Jerusalem by King Solomon.
1483 — (16th of Cheshvan, 5244) Bull appointing Tomaso Torquemada inquisitor-general of Aragon, Valencia, and Catalonia
1776 — (4th of Cheshvan, 5537) Senatorial decree grants privileges to baptized Jews in Russia
1810 — (19th of Tishrei, 5571) On the day after his death, Reb Nachman of Bratslav was buried at Uman making it the destination for an annual pilgrimage for thousands of Chassidim
1882 — (4th of Cheshvan, 5643) Leo Pinkser published his famous pamphlet «Autoemancipation; ….. A Warning of a Russian Jew to his Brethren.» He published it as a result of the Russian pogroms of the previous year. Pinsker advocated establishing a homeland as a cure for anti-Semitism. He thought that a Jewish congress should decide if that homeland should be in Eretz-Israel, the United States or some third choice. Only later did he join with the “Lovers of Zion Movement” and acknowledge that Eretz-Israel was the only place for a Jewish homeland. Pinkser died in 1891, six years before the First Zionist Congress. His writings and efforts laid the groundwork for Herzl and others. In 1934, his remains were re-interred on Mt. Scopus
1948 — (14th of Cheshvan, 5709) The 52nd and 54th Battalions of the Givati Brigade began a three day action aimed at taking control of “the internal Negev road from Julis to Bror Hayial through Kawkaba and Huleiqat; During Operation Yoav, Egyptian forces begin withdrawing from the Negev after suffering heavy attacks by the Israelis.
1975 — (12th of Cheshvan, 5736) The United Nations declared that “Zionism is racism.”
1998 — (27th of Tishrei, 5759) A Palestinian conducted a grenade assault on the Beersheba bus terminal, wounding 67 Israelis, including 24 soldiers

1700 — (4th of Cheshvan, 5461) Judah he-Hasid, an Ashkenazi rabbi who had made good on his call for Aliyah by leading 1,500 of his followers from Europe to Jerusalem passed away three days after they arrived at their destination
1762 — (30th of Tishrei, 5523) Sixty-three year old Samson Gideon, «one of the outstanding members of the London Jewish Community” and «a leader in the Parliamentary struggle to pass the Jews’ Naturalization Act of 1753»
2001 — (30th of Tishrei, 5762) Israel’s tourism minister, Rehavam Zeevi was shot to death in the first assassination of a serving Cabinet minister by Palestinians