October 16

History events
1898 — (30nd of Tishrei, 5659) Jewish quarter of Kossow, Galicia, attacked; ten Jews killed
1940 — (14nd of Tishrei, 5701) Warsaw Ghetto established
1941 — (25nd of Tishrei, 5702) Нolocaust. The Germans murdered 4,500 Jews outside of Lubny, Urkaine
1944 — (29nd of Tishrei, 5705) Нolocaust. In Rome, the roundup of the Jewish population began. “SS troops surrounded the Lungotevere, the former ghetto area, where some 4,000 of the city’s 12,000 Jews still lived.” The SS selected 1,000 men, women and children for immediate shipment to Auschwitz.
1948 — (13nd of Tishrei, 5709) During Operation Yoav, Israeli forces were repulsed after heavy fighting as they tried to open the road to Jewish settlements in the Negev and Beersheba; Arab Legion forces at the Arab-held Zion Gate attacked the Jewish positions on Mount Zion, but were driven off after fierce fighting.”
1973 — (20nd of Tishrei, 5734) Yom Kippur War ….. Just after mid-night, a small force of Israeli tanks crossed to the western bank of the Suez Canal. This daring success was a closely held secret. The first task of this force was to find and destroy the SAM-6 Missiles that were negating Israel’s air superiority. The Israelis were dismayed to find that the French were supplying weapons to the Arabs. Israeli pilots shot down a French Mirage that belonged to the Libyans
1986 — (13nd of Tishrei, 5747) The Jonathan Netanyahu Memorial by Buky Schwartz, was dedicated outside the entrance to the National Museum of American Jewish History, along the walkway between 4th and 5th Streets north of Market Street today
1995 — (22nd of Tishrei, 5756) Six Israeli soldiers were killed and a seventh was wounded today in the deadliest attack by Muslim guerrillas in southern Lebanon this year.
2011 — (18nd of Tishrei, 5772) Two Palestinians who participated in the 2000 lynching of two Israel Defense Forces soldiers in Ramallah will be released as part of the Gilad Shalit prisoner swap deal, an official prisoners list indicated today

1590 — (27th of Tishrei, 5351) Roman born “physician and Talmudic authority” Eliezer Isaac Cohen ben Abraham, the brother-in-law of David de Pomis both of whom were “distinguished in medicine and rabbinical literature” passed away today
1655 — (25th of Tishrei, 5416) Joseph Solomon Delmedigo a rabbi, author, physician, mathematician, and music theorist passed away
1679 — (20th of Cheshvan, 5440) Fifty-seven year old Roger Boyle, the 1st Early of Orrery, the Anglo-Irish dramistis who works included “Herod The Great” and “Tryphon” which “enacted the story of the pretender to the throne of Syria in the 2nd century BC as related by Josephus in History of the Jews and in the First Book of Maccabees passed away today.
1810 — (18th Tishrei, 5571) Nachman of Breslov also known as Reb Nachman of Bratslav, Nachman from Uman, or simply as Rebbe Nachman (in local Yiddish reb Nokhmen Broslever) passed away
1874 — (5th of Cheshvan, 5605) Rabbi Zevi Hersh Kalisher passed away. ….. Born in 1795 in the Polish town of Lissa that had just become part of Germany, Kalisher was unique because he was an Orthodox Rabbi who believed that Jews develop a practical program for returning to Eretz Israel instead of just waiting for the coming of the Messiah. In 1860, he published Derishat Tziyyon , his blueprint for the return to the Holy Land. Almost forty years before the advent of Herzl and Zionism he called for a systematic purchase of land, the development of agriculture, the development of a self-defense force and the need to develop viable businesses to replace the charitable institutions that traditionally supported the Jews in Palestine. The Reform opposed Kalisher because of the nationalist content of the proposal. The Orthodox saw it as a form of blasphemy. One of the practical results of his work was the establishment of Mikveh Israel, a school located near Jaffa, designed to teach the new generation of pioneers the scientific agricultural skills that would enable them to reclaim the land
1886 — (17th of Tishrei, 5647) In Plonsk, Scheindel Grun and Avigdor Grun, a lawyer and a leader in the Hoevei Zion movement gave birth to David Grun who gained fame as David Ben-Gurion. He passed away on December 1, 1973
1948 — (13th of Tishrei, 5709) Twenty-seven year old Mordechai “Modi” Alon died today when his plane crashed after returning from an attack on Egyptian forces
1981 — (8th of Tishrei, 5742): Moshe Dayan passed away
1986 — (13nd of Tishrei, 5747) Ron Arad, Israeli Weapons System Officer, is captured by Lebanese Shi’ite militia Amal