October 14

History events
1700 — (12th of Cheshvan, 5461) After leaving Moravia in 1697 with a group of his followers Judah he-Hasid Segal ha-Levi arrived in Jerusalem today where his 500 to 1000 followers may have more than double the city’s Jewish population
1789 — (24th of Tishrei, 5550) A deputation of six “German Jews from Lorraine” including Berr Isaac Err of Turique, a French financer and member of the city council of Nancy, appeared before the Assembly in Paris to defend the granting of citizenship to Jews of Lorraine
1843 — (20th of Tishrei, 5604) The Synagogue of Beracha Veshalom Vegmiluth Hasidim (Congregation of Blessing, Peace and Loving Deeds) ….. in St. Thomas holds the first confirmation ceremony for Jewish youth ever in the Western Hemisphere. The St. Thomas synagogue has held a weekly service since it first opened its doors in 1833; reportedly, it’s the oldest synagogue in continuous use under the American flag and the second oldest in the Western Hemisphere
1937 — (9th of Cheshvan, 5698) The Palestine Post reported that court proceedings were taken in Romania against Jews guilty of having Jewish National Fund blue boxes in their houses
1942 — (3th of Cheshvan, 5703) Holocaust. One thousand Jews living in Piotrkow, Poland are dragged from their homes in the middle of the night. Those too ill or old to move were shot on the spot. This was first of eight straight days of terror resulting in the deportation of 20,000 Jews. All of them were sent to Treblinka
1953 — (5th of Cheshvan, 5714) Unit 101, together with a unit of regular paratroopers, all under the command of Ariel Sharon carried out a reprisal raid on the Arab village of Kibya on the night after an Israeli woman and her two infant children were murdered by Arab terrorists from Jordan
1958 — (30th of Tishrei, 5719) Foundation stone of the Knesset laid in Jerusalem. The Knesset is the Israeli parliament. Knesset is a Hebrew word that means “meeting.”
1973 — (18th of Tishrei, 5734) Yom Kippur War. In one of the largest tank-to-tank battles ever fought, Israel is estimated to have lost 10 tanks, the Egyptians anywhere from 250 to 300. Iraq and Jordan send troops to the Golan, in response to appeals for assistance from Syria
2023 — (29th of Tishrei, 5784) Iron Swords. As October 14 begins in Israel, the Health Ministry has updated the number of wounded to 2, 2243 with over 350 in critical or serious condition, the IDF is confronted with the real possibility of a two-front war as Hezbollah fires rockets into Israel, the IAF “pounds” Gaza and the country continues to reel from the traumas of last Saturday as new revelations of atrocities are made public

1165 — (6th of Cheshvan, 4926) Maimonides and his family arrive in Jerusalem
1270 — (4th of Cheshvan, 5031) Moses Ben Nachman — known as Nachmanides or as the Ramban, passed away
1829 — (17th of Tishrei, 5590) Eduard Lasker, German politician, born
1906 — (25th of Tishrei, 5667) Birthdate of author and commentator Hannah Arendt
1939 — (1th of Cheshvan, 5700) Dr. Ludwig Halberstädter of Tel Aviv, ….. a Professor of Medicine at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem left the United States today aboard the American export liner Excalibur after having attended the International Cancer Congress at Atlantic City, New Jersey. After 1933 he was one of 276 Jewish dermatologists who were able to leave Nazi Germany. He settled in Palestine that year and became director of radiation therapy at the Hadassah Hospital, Jerusalem. He brought with him a tiny amount of radium and opened the first radium and X-ray institute in the Middle East. Working together with cytologist Dr. Leonid Doljansky, he was able to provide the first treatment for cancer in the country
1943 — (15th of Tishrei, 5704) Dr. Saul Tchernichovsky, the physician-poet who translated Macbeth and The Odyssey into Hebrew died today the age of 68 after settling in Eretz Israel ten years ago after fleeing from Nazi Germany
1973 — (18th of Tishrei, 5734) David Zeit and Eli Tovel ejected from their F-4E Phantom Jet after it was shot down by either a MiG or a SAM. Both were recovered by Israeli forces
1986 — (11th of Tishrei, 5747) Holocaust survivor and human rights advocate Elie Wiesel was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize
1994 — (9th of Cheshvan, 5755) Nachsho Wachsman, a nineteen year old Israeli soldier who had been kidnapped by Hamas, was killed when Israeli forces attempted to rescue him. His father Yehuda was an advocated of improved Jewish-Arab relations, and a supporter of the peace process