October 12

History events
1129 — (27th of Tishrei, 4890) The tombstone of Elijah ben Simon dated October 12, 1129 is among the oldest evidence of the Jewish settlement in Nuremberg goes back to the 12th century
1940 — (10th of Tishrei, 5701) The Nazis executed 3,400 Jews in Galicia; On this Jewish Day of Atonement, German loudspeakers in Warsaw, Poland, announce that all Jews in the city must move to the Jewish ghetto by the end of the month
1941 — (21th of Tishrei, 5702) Нolocaust. In Stanislawow, Eastern Galicia, all of the Jews living in the district, were driven out of their homes into the center of the town where massive graves had been dug. SS troops and Ukrainian militia commence machine gunning of the gathered populace. Estimates of the number of Jews murdered range from a low of 6,000 to a high of 12,000.
1945 — (5rd of Cheshvan, 5706) Forty women rescued from Nazi concentration camps were the first to be sheltered in the new sixty-bed wing opened” today “at the Women’s League for Palestine home at Haifa
1963 — (24th of Tishrei, 5724) Archaeological digs began at Masada, Israel.
1973 — (16th of Tishrei, 5734) Yom Kippur War. ….. As many as 15,000 Iraqi troops had reached the Syrian front and were prepared to attack Israeli forces. The Israelis lucked out and spotted a lead contingent of fifty Iraqi tanks. When the Iraqis reached to within three yards of the outnumbered Israelis, the IDF tanks opened fire destroying 17 tanks and halting the assault The Soviets completed a twenty-four hour air lift during which eighty large Soviet transport planes landed in Syria filled with a wide variety of arms that more than compensated for the Syrian losses during the first week of fighting. On the southern front, Egyptian tanks and troops continued to pour across the Suez Canal posing a new threat to the Israelis
1973 — (16th of Tishrei, 5734) In the midst of the perilous first week of the Yom Kippur War a dispute broke out between the Sephardic Chief Rabbi and his Ashkenazi counterpart. ….. October 12, 1973 was a Friday. As the sun was setting the Sephardic Rabbi announced that it was a sin to bake bread on Shabbat, even in war time. The Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi, Shlomo Goren, the man who had been chief rabbi of the IDF in the 1967 war said that it was perfectly permissible to break the rules of Shabbat and bake bread during war time
1978 — (11th of Tishrei, 5739) Representatives of Israel and Egypt opened peace talks in Washington, D.C.
2023 — (27th of Tishrei, 5784) In Israel, a unity government has been formed, the IDF is confronting renewed threats on the border with Lebanon “where the Israeli Army has been engaged in four consecutive days of clashes with” terrorists, rockets continue to be fired

1837 — (13th of Tishrei, 5598) Akiba Eger, rabbi and Talmudic author, died
1953 — (3rd of Cheshvan, 5714) Suzanne Kinyas, and her two children (3 year old girl and a 1 and a half year old boy) were killed today when a Palestinian Fedayeen squad infiltrated into Israel from Jordan and threw a grenade into a civilian house at Yehud, a village eight mile east of Tel Aviv
1973 — (16th of Tishrei, 5734) Moshe Koren safely ejected from his F-4E Phantom Jet after it fell victim to Lebanese anti-aircraft fire and was recovered by IDF forces; Ran Goren and Micha Oren were safely recovered by IDF forces after their F-4E Phantom Jet was shot down by an Egyptian MiG-21