October 1

History events
1898 — (15th of Tishrei, 5659) About 7,000 Jews expelled from the government of Kiev, Russia
1905 — (2th of Tishrei, 5666) Some 2,000 Jews were attacked on the Pike Street Recreation Pier on the East River front this afternoon by two-score Italian and Irish laborers for no reason except they were Jews
1937 — (26th of Tishrei, 5698) The Palestine Post reported on the festive opening of the new Haifa-Hadera-Tel Aviv-Jaffa highway
1941 — (10 Tishrei, 5702) Нolocaust. ….. At Zalgar, the Nazis killed 633 men, 1,017 women, 496 children; On this Jewish Day of Atonement, Jews are taken from the ghetto at Podborodz, Ukraine, and killed; At Butrimantz, Lithuania the Nazis murdered 976 Jews in front of Lithuanian crowds seated on benches for «a good view»; The German government prohibits further Jewish emigration from Germany; Einsatzgruppen members gather Jews of the Baltic port of Libau and machine-gun them at the local naval base; Germans drown 30 Jewish children in clay pits near Okopowa Street in the Warsaw Ghetto; Seventy children in the Warsaw Ghetto are found frozen to death outside destroyed houses following the season’s first snowfall
1942 — (20th of Tishrei, 5703) Нolocaust. ….. At a small labor camp at Budy, Poland, female German non-Jewish prisoners beat, mutilate, and kill dozens of captive Jewish women; The Chelmek slave-labor camp, located in Poland near Auschwitz-Birkenau, opens to house Jews draining swamps to provide water to the nearby Bata shoe factory; In Luków, Poland, Jewish Council member David Lieberman is told by German authorities that money he has collected to ransom Lublin’s Jews is useless, and deportations will continue, whereupon Lieberman tears the money to pieces and slaps the German official in the face. Ukrainian guards kill Lieberman immediately
1943 — (2nd of Tishrei, 5704) Нolocaust. Just before their murders, several Jewish women use their bare hands to attack SS troops at Auschwitz; The Jewish ghetto at Chernovtsy, Romania, is liquidated
1944 — (14th of Tishrei, 5705) Нolocaust. ….. The Germans initiate death marches of prisoners from Auschwitz to camps in Germany, including Dachau, Bergen-Belsen, and Sachsenhausen; About 15,000 Jews are deported from the Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia, camp/ghetto to Auschwitz; At the Stutthof, Germany, concentration camp, executions of Jewish prisoners begin. Initial killings are carried out by assembling inmates with their backs to an infirmary wall with the stated purpose of medical examinations. Slits in the wall behind the heads of each inmate allow a pistol shot to be fired into their brains from the adjoining room; The Nazis gassed 1,000 more Jews from Theresinstadt at Birkenau
1947 — (17th of Tishrei, 5708) Six British destroyers raced out of Haifa today ….. to intercept two ships carrying over three thousand Jewish refuges that have passed through Dardanelles and according to RAF patrols are somewhere between Cyprus and northern Palestine. Just in case that a half dozen modern British warships were unable to cope with the threat posed by these two vessels, 3 more destroyers were standing by in Haifa should they be needed
1956 — (26th of Tishrei, 5717) The Israeli delegation returned from France following highly secret negotiations on how to deal with the threat posed by President Nasser of Egypt
1973 — (5th of Tishrei, 5734) The Egyptian and Syrian armies went on full alert today
1985 — (16th of Tishrei, 5746) In what is known as “Operation Wooden Leg,” The Israeli air force bombed PLO Headquarters in Tunis in response the Yom Kippur hijacking of yacht off the coast of Cyprus and the cold-blooded murder of the three Israelis tourists on board

1697 — (16th of Tishrei, 5458) Moses ben Mordecai Zacuto an Amsterdam born rabbi, kabbalist and poet “also known by the Hebrew acronym ReMe”Z” passed away today
1739 — (10th of Tishrei, 5500) At an auto-de-fe in Lisbon, Antonio Jose de Silva, one of the most successful and popular playwrights of the period was burned at the stake. He was a member of a New Christian family, son of a mother who had been convicted twice of Judaizing. On the night he was burned, one of his comedies was produced in the local town theater
1904 — (22th of Tishrei, 5665) Birthdate of Vladimir Horowitz. The Russian-born pianist was considered one of the most accomplished players of the 20th century. He is one in a long line of world-class Jewish pianists. He passed away in 1989
1953 — (22nd of Tishrei, 5714) Sixty-year old American biochemist Edwin Cohn passed away today. ….. In 1940 the hard-driving Harvard biochemist Edwin Cohn broke plasma down into its different proteins — and saved millions of soldiers’ lives Most fatalities in World War I occurred not from the direct physical damage of bullet wounds but from loss of blood. In the spring of 1940, as another war seemed inevitable, finding a way to replace lost blood became a medical priority. Edwin Cohn, a Harvard biochemist, took on the problem of breaking down blood plasma to isolate a protein called albumin that could be stored for long periods without spoiling, shipped efficiently and used easily on a battlefield to save lives. Patriotic blood drives yielded whole blood from which a small inventory of albumin had been accumulated by December 7, 1941. It was rushed to Pearl Harbor where it proved enormously successful in the first battlefield setting. Cohn headed up a government effort to oversee the production of albumin. His work throughout the war to improve the process and the consequent successes of blood products on the battlefield were one of the keys to victory for the Americans in World War II