November 4

History events
1481 — (12th of Kislev, 5242) Auto da fé held at Seville
1922 — (13th of Cheshvan, 5683) Hashomer Hatzair alpha settlers from Poland who had helped to start Kibbutz Geva in 1921 established the modern kibbutz, Beit Alpha, located in the Lower Galilee on the site of a 6th century Jewish settlement
1941 — (14th of Cheshvan, 5702) Нolocaust. Last of a twenty train convoy made its way from Germany to the Lodz ghetto. In all, 19,837 Jews were taken. Banishment became official as the Reich Treasury issued directives that «Jews not employed in businesses of importance to the people’s economy will be banished to one of the cities in the East. The property of the Jews who are to be banished will be confiscated»
1943 — (6th of Cheshvan, 5704) Нolocaust. The Jews of Florence, Italy were rounded up and deported
1945 — (28th of Cheshvan, 5706) Anti-Jewish riots broke out in seven cities in Libya, including Tripoli. The riots would last for four days during which ten synagogues were burned an looted and Jewish homes and businesses were broken into and looted
1956 — (30th of Cheshvan, 5717) Sinai Campai. An IDF force of 180 vehicles successfully made the trek through the Sinai wilderness and took Sharm es Sheikh from the Egyptians. After six hours of fighting, the IDF prevailed and opened the Straits of Tiran
1980 — (25th of Cheshvan, 5741) A suicide operation carried out by the Shiite Muslims and supported by Syria killed thirty six Israeli soldiers in Lebanon. The attack came after both sides had agreed to a cease-fire
1995 — (11th of Cheshvan, 5756) Yitzchak Rabin, Prime Minster of Israel, was assassinated by a right wing fanatic who was opposed to Rabin’s efforts to bring peace to Israel and its Arab neighbors

1762 — (18th of Cheshvan, 5523) Moses Levi Ulff, the son of Levi Ulff, passed away today. In 1714 Levi Ulff had moved his ribbon factory from Wesel to Charlottenberg and the king appointed him as his Court Jew ordering the royal regiments to secure their ribbons from his factory. In 1720, when Moses took over from his father “the order was renewed and Crown Prince Frederick required the younger Ulff to supply all the royal regiments with the necessary braid
1847 — (25th of Cheshvan, 5608) Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, composer, died
1948 — (2th of Cheshvan, 5709) Birthdate of Shaul Mofaz, the native of Tehran who became the IDF’s 16th Chief of the General Staff in 1998
2001 — (18th of Cheshvan, 5762) Shoshana Ben Ishai, 16, of Betar Illit and Menashe (Meni) Regev, 14, of Jerusalem were killed when a Palestinian terrorist opened fire with a sub-machine gun shortly before 16:00 at a No. 25 Egged bus at the French Hill junction in northern Jerusalem. 45 people were injured in the attack
2002 — (29th of Cheshvan, 5763) Security guard Julio Pedro Magram, 51, of Kfar Sava, and Gastón Perpiñal, 15, of Ra’anana, both recent immigrants from Argentina, were killed and about 70 people were wounded in a suicide bombing at a shopping mall in Kfar Sava. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack