November 24

History events
1105 — (15th of Kislev, 4866) Rabbi Nathan ben Yehiel of Rome completes Talmudic dictionary. He published his dictionary under the name Aruch. What this work lacks in originality it makes up for in thoroughness. It became a standard text for Jews studying the Talmud during the Middle Ages.
1493 — (15th of Kislev, 5254) Gershon Soncino printed an edition of the Pentateuch at Brescia
1940 — (23th of Cheshvan, 5701 )The Atlantic, with 1,783 illegal Jewish refugees on board was escorted into the harbor at Haifa
1941 — (4th of Kislev, 5702) Нolocaust. ….. A ghetto was set up at Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia in the old barracks and then in the walled town itself. All the 3,700 local inhabitants were moved out. Although Theresienstadt was set up as a «model settlement,» its death rate reached 50% in 1942 through starvation and epidemics. During an investigation by the Red Cross in June 1943 the Germans changed the external appearance of the town and deported many so that there would be less overcrowding. All the interviews were carefully orchestrated and immediately after the visit most of the «actors» were then deported. In all 140,937 Jews were sent to Theresienstadt, of whom 33,529 died in the ghetto and 88,196 were deported to death camps. There were 17,247 persons left in the ghetto when it was liberated
1948 — (22th of Cheshvan, 5709) New immigrants arrived today at Lod Airport on the day it reopened after Israeli forces had liberated it from the hold of invading Arab Armies
1948 — (22th of Cheshvan, 5709) The UN Truce Mission announces a provisional…truce line between Arab and Israeli forces. ….. Israel and Egypt signed an armistice whereby the Nitzana region, situated in Israel, was declared a demilitarized zone. The armistice agreement also stipulated that on the Egyptian side of the border no Egyptian defensive positions shall be closer to El Auja than El Qouseima and Abou Aoueigila
1983 — (18th of Kislev, 5744) The PLO exchanged 6 Israeli prisoners for 4,500 Arabs held by the government of Israel
2007 — (14th of Kislev, 5768) A mild earthquake registering 4.1 on the Richter scale was felt in central Israel shortly after midnight between Friday and Saturday, days after a 4.2 tremor struck the northern Dead Sea earlier this week

1328 — (21th of Kislev, 5089) Levi ben Gerson finished “Sefer Tekunah” his work on astronomy today
1631 — (5th of Kislev, 5392) Rabbi Samuel Eliezer Edels, also known by the acronym, “MaHarSha,” passed away
1632 — (21th of Kislev, 5393) Birthdate of Baruch Spinoza (known also as Benedict De Spinoza)
1873 — (4th of Kislev, 5634) Birthdate of Yuliy Osipovich Tsederbaum the scion of Jewish family living in Constantinople who as Julius Martov became a leader of the Mensheviks during the Russian Revolutions
1884 — (6th of Kislev, 5645) Birthdate of Yitzchak Ben-Zvi, the second President of Israel. After the death of Chaim Weitzman, Ben-Zvi was elected in 1952. He served until his death in April of 1963
1934 — (17th of Kislev, 5695) Journalist Harry Viktorovich Schnittke and Maria Iosifovna Schnittke, gave birth to Soviet composer Alfred Schnittke
1943 — (26th of Cheshvan, 5704) Mordechai «Modi» Alon who had enlisted in the RAF in 1940 finally began his flight training today in Rhodesia. Alon would one of the IAF’s first pilots and hero of the War for Independence
2000 — (25th of Chehsvan, 5761) Maj. Sharon Arameh, 25, of Ashkelon was killed by Palestinian sniper fire in fighting near Neve Dekalim in the Gaza Strip; Ariel Jeraffi, 40, of Petah Tikva, a civilian employed by the IDF, was killed by Palestinian fire as he travelled near Otzarin in the West Bank