November 20

History events
-331 — (21st of Kislev, 3431) According to the Talmud, Simeon the Just destroyed the Samaritan Temple at Mount Gerizim.
1521 — (20st of Kislev, 5282) All Jewish wine was dumped by Arabs and heavy fines imposed on the Jewish community of Jerusalem. The Arabs blamed the Jewish use of wine for a severe water shortage
1929 — (17nd of Cheshvan, 5690) Today, Gertrude Berg’s popular radio program, The Goldbergs, about an upwardly mobile American Jewish family debuted on NBC radio. The Goldbergs went off the air in 1955
1931 — (10th of Kislev, 5692) Anti-Semitic attacks occurred today in Vilna, its suburbs and in the neighboring towns of Lida and Trock and attacks against the Jews were also carried out in Suvalk, Province of Grodno
1940 — (19nd of Cheshvan, 5701) Britain announced a more stringent policy aimed at Jews trying to enter Palestine illegally. ….. Jews found on ships running the British blockade will not be allowed to enter Palestine. They will be taken to an undetermined colonial destination where they will be imprisoned until the end of the war. At that time, there final destination, which will not be Palestine or the site of the imprisonment will be determined
1941 — (30th of Cheshvan, 5702) Нolocaust. Approximately 7000 Jews from Minsk, Belorussia, are killed at nearby Tuchinka
1948 — (18nd of Cheshvan, 5709) The first preliminary armistice talks begin when William E. Riley, chief UN truce observer, meets separately with Israel Foreign Office officials and Egyptian commander Fouad Sadeh Bey
1949 — (28nd of Cheshvan, 5710) The Jewish population of Israel reached one million
2012 — (6th of Kislev, 5773) As of midnight, ….. Operation Pillar of Defense enters its seventh day with the Israeli government holding off on a ground offensive in the hope that talks in Cairo will lead to an end to massive Hamas assault on its citizens; Those living in southern Israel organize demonstrations against plans for a cease-fire one of which is to take place in Kiryat Malachi where three Israelis had been murdered by terrorist rockets and one at Ashdod

1657 — (24th of Kislev, 5418) Manasseh ben Israel, died
1729 — (10th of Kislev, 5490) Isaac de Sequeira Samuda, a British physician and poet, the first Jew to be elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (in 1727), died
1860 — (6th of Kislev, 5621) Isaac M. Jost, Jewish historian, died
1894 — (24nd of Cheshvan, 5655) Anton Rubinstein, Russian composer and pianist, died
1896 — (15th of Kislev, 5657) Birthdate of Russian author Yevgenia Ginzburg
1925 — (3th of Kislev, 5686) In Moscow, Rachel Messerer-Plisetskaya, a silent-film actress and Mikahil Plisetski, a diplomat and engineer gave birth to “ballet dancer, choreographer, ballet director, and actress Maya Mikhailovna Plisetskaya
1933 — (2nd of Kislev) Rabbi Moses Mordecai Epstein, author of Levush Mordecai, passed away today
1944 — (4th of Kislev, 5705) Haviva Reik was captured and executed by the Nazis and members of the Ukrainian Waffen SS. ….. Born in 1914, she was one of four volunteers from the Yishuv in Eretz Israel who parachuted into Slovakia to help the uprising against the Nazis. In September 1944 she succeeded in helping the Jews who were left in Banska Bystresis. When it fell they moved into the mountains with other Jewish partisans. Kibbutz Lahavot Haviva and the Givat Haviva center are dedicated to her memory
2000 — (22nd of Cheshvan, 5761) Miriam Amitai, 35, and Gavriel Biton, 34, both of Kfar Darom, were killed when a roadside bomb exploded alongside a bus carrying children from Kfar Darom to school in Gush Katif. Nine others, including 5 children, were injured