November 19

History events
1849 — (4st of Kislev, 5610)As of today, in Amsterdam out of a total population of 224,949, 25,173 were Jews who divided into 22,426 Ashkenazim and 2,747 Portuguese (Sephardim)
1896 — (14st of Kislev, 5657) The first national convention of the National Council of Jewish Women which was held at Tuxedo Hall in New York City between came to an end. Founded at the conclusion of the Jewish Women’s Congress held at Chicago’s World Columbian Exposition in November 1893, the National Council of Jewish Women was the first national open-membership organization for American Jewish women.
1928 — (6st of Kislev, 5689) A concert featuring Alexander Baerwald and Thelma Yellin was held in Jerusalem as the European born Jews of Jerusalem celebrated the centenary of the death of Schubert
1937 — (15st of Kislev, 5698) The Palestine Post reported that ….. the country was generally quiet, but the Jerusalem curfew continued for the eighth day in succession. Telephone lines were cut between Hebron and Beersheba and Beersheba and Gaza; In an article critical of the Jewish development of Galilee The Post pointed out that the Jewish settlement of Mahanayim had been completely deserted since the riots of 1929. Mishmar Hayarden, «The Watch Over the Jordan,» was almost a dead village ­with many of the farmyards burned to the ground. The Post demanded rapid development of this area, with particular attention given to the settlement of those Jewish lands which belonged to persons who did not live in Palestine
1942 — (10th of Kislev, 5703) Нolocaust. The Germans shot 100 Jews from Potrkow outside of the town; In the Drohobycz Ghetto, the Nazis gunned down, at random, 250 Jews on what was known as “Black Thursday.”
1943 — (21th of Cheshvan, 5704) Нolocaust. Jewish prisoners at Janowska, a labor and extermination camp, revolted against their captors. The revolt failed and the camp was liquidated. One thousand of the survivors were taken to the town of Sandomierz, One thousand Jews are shot at the Jewish cemetery outside Sandomierz
1945 — (14th of Kislev, 5706) Five months after World War II ended in Europe, Anti-Jewish riots erupt in Lublin, Poland.
1947 — (6th of Kislev, 5708) Two new colonies were established today within twenty-five miles of the Egyptian border, bring the total number of Jewish settlements in the Negev to 19 and the number of settlers to 1,900
1948 — (17th of Cheshvan, 5709) In an unprecedented move that would have serious consequences for the region th UN General Assembly approves $30 million fund for relief of Palestinian refugees forming the UNRPR. Assembly asks UN member countries for contributions
1952 — (1st of Kislev, 5713) The Jerusalem Post reported that Albert Einstein had declined to accept the offer of the Israeli Presidency. Einstein said that while he was deeply touched by the offer, he felt unsuited for such an office; that the minister of social affairs, Mrs. Golda Myerson, promised that the new immigrants’ tent cities would completely disappear within the next half year.
1977 — (9st of Kislev, 5738) Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement
2003 — (24th of Cheshvan, 5764): Patricia Ter´n Navarrete, 33, of Ecuador was killed and four other tourists, pilgrims from Ecuador, were wounded when a terrorist entered the Israel-Jordan border crossing terminal north of Eilat from the Jordanian side and opened fire..
2012 — (5st of Kislev, 5773) Israel’s operation to stem Palestinian rocket fire on southern Israel continued in its sixth day today. The Israel Air Force struck over 80 terrorist targets in Gaza, while Hamas and Islamic Jihad fired 130 rockets into Israel

1621 — (16st of Kislev, 5382) Rabbi Isaiah ben Avraham Ha-Levi Horowitz, ….. known as the Shlah after the title of one of his major works Shnei Luchos Ha-Bris arrived in Jerusalem. The Shlah was a renowned Halachist, kabbalist and communal leader. He was born in Prague in 1656 and eventually became head of the Jewish community in Frankfort. He moved to Jerusalem after the death of his wife. The Shlah was a wealthy philanthropist who stressed man’s ability to overcome the evil inclination and turn it into the good inclination. He passed away in 1650 and was buried in Tiberias near the tomb of the Rambam
1887 — (3st of Kislev, 5648) Emma Lazarus, American poetess, died