May 25

History events
1784 — (5th of Sivan, 5544) Jews are expelled from Warsaw by Marshall Mniszek
1844 — (7th of Sivan, 5604) Louis Philippe issues regulations for the internal organization of the French Jews
1902 — (18th of Iyar, 5662) In Lisbon, a foundation stone is laid for the first synagogue built in Portugal since the expulsion of the Jews in 1497
1917 — (4th of Sivan, 5677) In Minsk, Russia, Yiddish was recognized as a second official language
1923 — (10th of Sivan, 5683) Britain recognized Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader.
1926 — (12th of Sivan, 5686) Sholom Schwartzbard assassinated Symon Petliura, the head of the Paris-based government-in-exile of Ukrainian People’s Republic.
1929 — (15th of Iyar, 5689) According to reports published today “industrial establishments in Palestine have increased to 513, employing 5,000 workers” with a total of $7,500,000 in invested capital
1932 — (19th of Iyar, 5692) Sixty-nine persons were injured today in communal rioting after Arabs attack Jewish inhabitants of the Crater district of Aden whom they accused of defiling a mosque
1936 — (4th of Sivan, 5696) The Jewish Auxiliary Police, «Ghaffirs», was established to guard Jewish settlements and rural roads
1945 — (13th of Sivan, 5705) Just three weeks after the surrender of the German capital, pharmacist Erich Zwilsky became the Berlin Jewish Hospital’s managing director, assuming responsibility for the only Jewish institution that had remained in operation throughout World War II
1948 — (16th of Iyar, 5708) The Old City of Jerusalem falls. Defended by local residents, Etzel members and about 80 Haganah soldiers, they were outnumbered and out-gunned by the Arab legionaries. After weeks of desperate fighting it was decided to surrender and save the almost 2000 mostly elderly Jews who were still living in the Old City
1948 — (16th of Iyar, 5708) The attack on Latrun, begun the night before continues. ….. The forces of the Arab Legion are able to fire down on the attacking Jews. As the Jews fall victim to the barrage of bullets, they are forced to confront a second enemy, the searing heat which many of these recent refugees from Europe are not used to. To make matters worse, many of them went into battle without canteens. Their pleas for water are met by sniper fire from the Arabs. Realizing that the attack has failed, the Israelis withdraw with eighty dead and uncounted others wounded. Among the dead is Reuven Oppenheim who had survived the Holocaust. He fought with partisan forces in that part of the Soviet Union known as White Russia. Miraculously, Oppenheim’s immediate family (mother, father and sister) survived with him and came to Palestine in 1947. The price for a Jewish state was high indeed
1976 — (25th of Iyar, 5736) A guard at Ben Gurion Airport was killed and nine others were injured when a bomb planted in a suitcase by a terrorist went off prematurely.
2001 — (3th of Sivan, 5761) The terrorists of Palestinian Islamic Jihad took credit for the bombing today the Hadera bus station where 65 people were injured but nobody was killed.

1096 — (1th of Sivan, 4856) Simcha bar Isaac Hakohen pretended to submit to baptism. As he entered the church he attacked the priest. He was «torn to bits» by the crow
1710 — (7th of Sivan, 5470) Rabbi Benjamin Ozer of Zolkiev, author of “Even ha-Ozer” passed away