March 15

History events
-457 — (12th of Nisan, 3303) Ezra and his followers departed from the River Ahava on their way to Jerusalem
1869 — (3th of Nisan, 5629) Prussia does away with the Oath More Judaico or Jewish Oath
1884 — (18th of Adar, 5644) Peddling prohibited in Rumania; 20,000 Jews are thus deprived of a livelihood
1886 — (8th of Adar-1, 5646) Yeshiva Etz Chaim was founded in New York. It was the first American yeshiva to include the study of Talmud
1900 — (14th of Adar, 5660) Parts of the body of Ernst Winter, a student who had disappeared in Konitz, West Prussia were discovered in a nearby lake and an arm was found in a cemetery.
Following the death of a student in Konitz, Poland, local Jews are faced with another “blood libel” episode. While Count Plucker promoted riots against the Jews, Wolf Israelski was accused and arrested. After Israelski was proven innocent, two other Jews, Moritz Lewy and Rosenthal, were arrested on the same charge. Rosenthal and Lewy were acquitted, yet Lewy was sentenced to four years for denying he knew the victim. All the evidence was based on the testimony of a petty thief named Masloff who later received only one year for perjury
1912 — (26th of Adar, 5672) The Turkish Ministry of the Interior to the Governor of Jerusalem issued a decree permitting the Jews to place benches and light candles in front of the Western Wall
1936 — (21th of Adar, 5696) In Tel Aviv, shops were closed “as a sign of grief for the plight of the Jews of Poland said to be the victims of renewed pogroms.” The economic protests “coincided with a mass meeting called by the Jewish National Council of Palestine.” According to published reports, Polish Jewry is facing a threatened prohibition of kosher slaughtering in the Polish republic
1937 — (3th of Nisan, 5697) The Palestine Post reported that after Shlomo Gafni and Hanoch Metz were murdered and robbed near Nazareth, Gedaliah Geller, 36, Moshe Zalman Ben-Sasson, 33, and Yehuda Eliovitz, 28, of Yavneel were murdered nearby
1942 — (26th of Adar, 5702) The First Dünamünde Action, a murderous assault designed “to execute Jews who had recently been deported to Latvia from Germany, Austria, Bohemia and Moravia” conducted by the Nazis and their Latvian collaborators began today in the Biķernieki forest, near Riga, Latvia
1943 — (8th of Adar-1, 5703) The deportation of the Jews from Thrace began. When Hitler was dismembering the Balkans, he gave Thrace to Bulgaria. The price was for the Nazis largesse was the extermination of the local Jewish population. The Jews of Thrace ended up at Treblinka
1947 — (23th of Adar, 5707) For the first time, British authorities have shipped “authorized immigrants” from Palestine to Cyprus on Shabbat, the Jewish day of rest. The immigrants are Jews who had come to Palestine aboard the Susannah
1952 — (18th of Adar, 5712) In Tangiers, a Muslim demonstration supporting union with Morocco turned violent and «many Jewish-owned shops were among those looted and burned.»
2001 — (20th of Adar, 5761) Thirty-seven year old Khalid Abu Elba, the Palestinian buse drive who ran over and killed eight Israelis last month, told reporters in Tel Aviv, while speaking in Hebrew that “I am not sorry.”

1830 — (20th of Adar, 5590) Birthdate of Paul Johann Ludwig von Heyse, the first Jew to win the Nobel Prize for Literature
1879 — (20th of Adar, 5639) Albert Cohn, Orientalist and philanthropist, died
1943 — (8th of Adar II, 5703) At the Theresienstadt Ghetto, Trude Neumann died of starvation. She was the daughter of Theodor Herzl, founder of the Zionist movement
1944 — (20th of Adar, 5704) Abba Berditchev parachuted into Yugoslavia. His “mission was to assist the Jews, gather intelligence and help rescue members of the air forces who were captured or had parachuted into Romania. He did not succeed in reaching Romania, instead returning to Bari, Italy. In August 1944 Berditchev traveled to Slovakia, where he participated in the Slovak National Uprising. After two months of fighting in the mountains, Berditchev was captured by the Germans and transferred in December 1944 to Mauthausen along with other captives, where he was brutally tortured and murdered by the Nazis.”