March 14

History events
1181 — (25th of Adar, 4941) “Immediately after his coronation” today, King Philip Augustus of France ordered the seizure of all Jews of Paris attending synagogue and had them detained for ransom
1473 — (14th of Adar-1, 5233) Marranos massacred in Cordova, Spain
1535 — (9th of Nisan, 5295) David dei Rossi a Jewish merchant from Italy, who set out for the Orient in 1534, writes his wife Sarah the following observation of life in Ottoman Palestine, «Hatred of the Jew is, in contrast to our homeland, unknown here, and the Turks hold the Jews in esteem. In this country and in Egypt, Jews are the chief officers and administrators of the customs
1630 — (29th of Adar, 5389) In Przemysl, Poland, Moses the Braider, a Jewish merchant, was accused of conspiring to desecrate the host and was burned alive
1937 — (2th of Nisan, 5697) The Palestine Post reported that Shlomo Gafni, 28, and Hanoch Metz, 24, of Kfar Hahoresh were stabbed to death and their flock of 320 sheep and 70 goats stolen by Arab murderers. A bomb was thrown in Tiberias and there were various shooting incidents in Galilee. In Safed, a self-constituted Arab «National Committee» confined Jews to their quarter, subject to a rigid boycott. «We are like prisoners over whom hangs an indeterminate sentence,» one Safed Jew complained
1944 — (19th of Adar, 5704) Hanna Szenes Yoel Palgi and Peretz Goldstein were parachuted into Yugoslavia and joined a partisan group
1945 — (29th of Adar, 5705) Palestine’s 600,000 Jews ended their week of mourning for the millions of their co-religionist who have been murdered in what would come to be known as the Holocaust or the Shoah by observing a solemn day of fasting where they abstained from normal commercial and social activities. Among other things, “factories, workshops, schools, restaurants and places of entertainment were closed for hours beginning at 9 o’clock this morning.”
1946 — (11th of Adar-1, 5706) “As part of the illegal immigration to Eretz Israel («Aliya Bet»), the “Wingate” sailed from Italy with 238 maapilim («illegal immigrants») on board, mostly from Eastern Europe.”
1978 — (5th of Adar-1, 5738) The Israeli Defense Force, in retaliation for a terrorist attack three days earlier, invades and occupies southern Lebanon, under codename Operation Litani, resulting in the evacuation of at least 100,000 Lebanese, approximately 2,000 deaths, as well as the creation of United Nations Interim Forces In Lebanon (UNIFIL)

1640 — (1st of Nisan, 5400) Talmud scholar Joel Ben Samuel Sirkis, known as the Bach, the Lublin born of Rabbi Samuel Sirkis and Sarah Jaffe of the distinguished Jaffe family and husband of Bella, the daughter of Abraham of Lwow, man of whose students went on to being the leading rabbis and Talmudists in Poland passed away today in Krakow after which he was buried at the Remah Cemetery
1879 — (19th of Adar, 5639) In Ulm, Hermann Einstein, a salesman and engineer, and Pauline Koch gave birth to Albert Einstein
1899 — (3st of Nisan, 5659) Heyman Steinthal, linguist and philosopher, died
1899 — (3st of Nisan, 5659) Ludwig Bamberger German deputy and political economist, died
1961 — (26th of Adar, 5721) Akiba Rubinstein world famous chess player passed away at the age of 78.