March 13

History events
1656 — (27th of Adar, 5416) The Jews were denied the right to build a synagogue in New Amsterdam
1682 — (27th of Adar-1, 5442) Students in Cracow staged anti-Semitic riots
1745 — (20th of Adar-1, 5505) Jews exiled from Prague
1908 — (10th of Adar-1, 5668) A major fire in the Jewish quarter of Haskoy, Constantinople, Turkey destroys 500 houses. There were over 5,000 Jews left without shelter
1918 — (29th of Adar, 5678) American Red Magen David, the Jewish Red Cross, was formed
1936 — (19th of Adar, 5696) In Poland, a mob raided the Jewish shops at Turka and order was restored only after the police finally intervened and “arrested twenty rioters.”
1943 — (6th of Adar I, 5703) German forces liquidated the Jewish ghetto in Cracow. Two thousand Jews were rounded up for deportation at Cracow, Poland. Before the trains left hundreds of children were shot to death, hundreds of elderly were killed in the streets, and an untold number of patients were killed in the hospital wards
1946 — (10th of Adar I, 5706) During Aliyah Bet, British police kill one female member of the Palmach as they fired on “the schooner Wingate which was attempting to land 248 refugees – an attempt that was thwarted by the HMS Chevron which took the captured vessel to Haifa
1947 — (21th of Adar, 5707) Tonight the British government in Palestine announced that it had arrested 78 people including 15 members of the Stern gang and 12 members of the Irgun. The arrests of these “terrorists” had been made possible, in part, because of assistance from the Jewish community.; Some resistance was encountered by British troops today when 703 Jews who arrived in Palestine waters yesterday after running the naval blockade were taken aboard the steamer Empire Rival. The Jews are reportedly being shipped to camps in Cyprus
1952 — (16th of Adar, 5712) The Jerusalem Post reported that Eilat was bedecked and illuminated to mark the third anniversary of the town¹s liberation. A military parade was held and a message was read from Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
1997 — (4th of Adar I, 5757) Seven school girls aged twelve and thirteen, all from the same school at Beit Shemesh, were shot dead and Hila Levy was injured by a Jordanian soldier who went berserk on the Jordan Border after which King Hussein paid surprise and much appreciated condolence call on the grieving families

1421 — (10th of Nisan, 5181) Rabbi Aaron of Neustadt, author Hilkhot Niddah died the martyr’s death in Vienna
1601 — (19th of Adar I, 5361) Mordecai Marcus Meisel passed away. Born in in 1528, the son of Samuel Meisel, he was one of the wealthiest people in Bohemia. A noted philanthropist, he was a leader of the Jewish community in Prague
1946 — (10th of Adar I, 5706) Birthdate of Yonatan «Yoni» Netanyahu who was a commander in the elite Sayeret Matkal unit of the Israel Defense Forces. His younger brothers are Benjamin Netanyahu, the current Prime Minister of Israel, who previously held that office from 1996-99, and Iddo Netanyahu, an Israeli author and playwright