March 12

History events
1421 — (9st of Nisan, 5181) In Vienna, under the auspices of Archduke Albert of Austria, a combination of murder, libel and host-desecration charges brought about the destruction of the entire Jewish community. This was partly due to the revival of the crusader spirit of the Hussite Wars. Many Jews were forcibly baptized, others took their own lives. The rest were forced to leave. Later this became known as the Wiener Gezairah (The Vienna edict)
1682 — (12th of Adar I, 5442) Anti-Jewish riots beak out in Krakow
1715 — (18th of Adar I, 5475) Elector Max Emanuel ordered the expulsion of the few Jews still living in Bavaria, Germany
1862 — (10th of Adar I, 5622) The U.S. Congress allowed Rabbis to serve as army chaplains
1921 — (2th of Adar I, 5681) The Histadrut (General Federation of Labor) passed a resolution to establish the Haganah
1925 — (16th of Adar, 5685) “Decorated from stem to stern with flags of the international code and bearing the six-pointed star — the shield of David — on her funnels, the steamship President Arthur of the American-Palestine Line sailed today for the Holy Land with 400 passengers, beginning a new steamship service and linking Palestine directly with New York.”
1937 — (29th of Adar, 5697) The Palestine Post reported that the Colonial Secretary, Mr. Ormsby-Gore, told the House of Commons that from 1922 to 1935 the population of Jerusalem rose from 63,000 to 110,000; of Tel Aviv from 15,000 to 110,000; of Jaffa from 33,000 to 74,000 and of Haifa from 25,000 to 85,000. He added that a committee had been set up by the High Commissioner in 1932 to consider compulsory health insurance, but it had decided that the introduction of such system in Palestine was premature, especially for the Arab section of the population
1949 — (11th of Adar, 5709) At the conclusion of Operation Uvada, the commander sent the following telegram “»On Hagana day, the 11th of Adar, the Palmach Negev brigade and the Golani brigade present the Gulf of Eilat tothe State of Israel»; The raising of a hand-drawn flag, known as the “Ink Flag» over the police station at Umm Rashrash, the future site of the city of Eilat, at 16:00 is considered to mark the end of the War of Independence
1950 — (23th of Adar, 5710) The Israeli Defense Ministry today ordered the registration for the Army Reserve of all physicians between the ages of 29 and 49.”
1951 — (4th of Adar I, 5711) As of this date the Iraqis allowed planes filled with Jewish refugees to fly straight to Israel instead of having to go to Cyprus first

1899 — (1st of Nisan, 5659) Sir Julius Vogel, the first Jewish Premier of New Zealand passed away
1942 — (23rd of Adar, 5702) David Raziel was killed while serving for the British in Iraq
1943 — (5th of Adar I, 5703) Oskar Schindler, аddressing his workers, he told them not to go home tonight. The Krakow ghetto, he said, would be liquidated the next day. Schindler had witnessed the killings and decided he must protect his laborers. He would build his own concentration camp as a satellite to Kraków-Plaszów, and his staff would compile the now famous list of workers he wanted transferred to his camp
1945 — (27th of Adar, 5705) According to some sources, this is the day Anne Frank died at Bergen Belsen two months before the liberation by British forces