March 11

History events
1415 — (29th of Adar, 5175) Bull of Benedict XIII. against the Talmud and any Jewish books attacking Christianity
1812 — (27th of Adar, 5572) Edict giving the Jews of Prussia citizens’ rights, 1812.
1943 — (4th of Adar-1, 5703) “The Sephardic Jewish community of Monastir, historically the largest Jewish community in Macedonia was deported; Bulgarian police monitored by SS rounded up the entire Jewish population of Skopje, Bitola and Štip.The population was sent to temporary detention center in the state tobacco warehouse known as «Monopol» in Skopje
1947 — (19th of Adar, 5707) Kibbutz Yakum (He Shall Rise) was established on the Plain of Sharon north of Tel Aviv. The collective was founded by members of the Hashomer Hatzair (Young Guard Movement); A group of American, Rhodesian and South African Jewish war veterans who had served variously with the American military, the British Army and South Africa’s Sixth Armored Division have founded Maayan Baruch (Spring of Barch), a kibbutz in the Upper Galilee near the borders with Syria and Lebanon. The kibbutz is named in honor of Bernard Gordon of blessed memory who had served as vice president of the South African Zionist Federation and who had left half of his large estate to the Jewish National Fund
1948 — (30th of Adar-I, 5708) Arabs bombed the headquarters of the Jewish Agency. The explosion of the car bomb in the courtyard of KH-UIA’s building, tragically claiming the lives of Keren Hayesod — United Israel Appeal’s Director, Leib Jaffe and 11 other Keren Hayesod — United Israel Appeal employees
1949 — (10th of Adar, 5709) The first Israeli troops reached the Gulf of Aqaba where a white bedsheet with a hand drawn blue Star of David is hoisted as a sign of the Jewish state’s claim to the area around Eilat
1950 — (22th of Adar, 5710) “The visiting Istanbul Fenerbache soccer players were carried off the hield on the shoulders of Israeli fans today after they had whipped the Tel Aviv Hapoel 3 to 0 in the first mach of their Israel tourney.” The enthusiastic demonstration was probably the result of Turkey’s announcement this week that it was recognizing the state of Israel, making Turkey the first Moslem country to do so
1952 — (14th of Adar, 5712) The Jerusalem Post reported that the Israel Medical Association warned that the «deteriorating nutrition situation was inherently dangerous.» The Minister of Agriculture, Levi Eshkol, voiced full support for «Magen David Yarok» ­ the planting of vegetables in home gardens. Urgent steps were taken to solve the problems of theft, pilferage and smuggling in the Haifa port which assumed dangerous proportions
1978 — (2th of Adar-1, 5738) The Palestine Liberation Organization carried out a massive terrorist attack in Israel; Eleven Palestinian terrorists landed in Zodiac boats on a beach just outside Ma’agan Michael and from there ventured towards Tel Aviv in a hijacked bus in what has become known as the Coastal Road massacre where 39 Israelis were killed

1931 — (22th of Adar-1, 5691) Birthdate of media entrepreneur Rupert Murdoch. Murdoch’s mother was Jewish
1985 — Mikhail S. Gorbachev, who promised “a policy of openness (glasnost) and restructuring (perestroika) was appointed General Secretary of the Communist Party today