March 10

History events
-515 — (3th of Adar, 3246) According to Ezra VI, 15, in the sixth year of the reign of Darius, the Second Temple was completed today. (15 And this house was finished on the third day of the month Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign of Darius the king.)
418 — (16th of Adar-1, 4178) Jews were excluded from holding public office in the Roman Empire
1933 — (12th of Adar, 5693) Victor Klemperer writes in his diary “Hitler elected as Chancellor. What I had called terror was only a mild prelude. . . . It is amazing how everything collapses . . . prohibitions and acts of violence. And with it, on streets and radio, unrestrained propaganda. On Saturday I heard a piece of Hitler’s speech in Konsigsberg. I understood only a few words. But the tone! The unctuous roaring bark, the bark, really, of a clergyman. . . . How long will I be able to retain my professorship?”
1943 — (3th of Adar-1, 5703) Bulgaria refused to release 48,000 of its Jews to the Germans. More than 1,000 Jews in Plovdiv, Bulgaria, Emanuel Zisman, the future Israeli ambassador to Bulgaria, his mother and his sister “were taken from their homes concentrated in the Jewish quarter, near to the school. But during the day the public pressure was so strong that the tsar of Bulgaria, Boris III, decided to cancel the deportation. It was a long day but a very, very happy night.”
1948 — (29th of Adar-1, 5708) A “company of the 1st Battalion commanded by Assaf Simchoni acted against an Arab gang which had settled in Kafr Kanna, on the Tiberias-Nazareth road. Information had been received that the village had become a center for gangs headed by a certain ‘Ibrahim’ that had carried out many attacks in the Lower Galilee and the Zevulun Valley. Among these was a gang that had previously been active in Shefaram, but had moved to Kafr Kanna. Born in 1922, Simchoni would rose to the rank of Major-General in the IDF. In 1956, he “commanded the Sinai Campaign and was killed in an airplane accident at the end of the war.”
1949 — (8th of Adar-1, 5709) The conquest of the southern Negev and Um Rashrash (Eilat) in March 1949 ended the War of Independence 1949: In Israel, the Provisional Government gave way to the first Cabinet of the new State. Moshe Sharett completed his term as Foreign Minister for the Provisional Government which had been in power since the creation of the state in May of 1948, Moshe Sharett begins serving as Minister of Foreign Affairs in Israel’s first elected government. Haim-Moshe Shapira replaced Yitzhak Gruenbaum as Internal Affairs Minister. Aharon Zisling completed his service as Israel’s first Minister of Agriculture.
1952 — (13th of Adar-1, 5712) The Jerusalem Post reported the cabinet’s decision that wages earned by Arabs in the employ of the state, municipalities and other public institutions, and the prices paid for Arab produce would be equal to those paid to the Jews. Mr. Palmon, the prime minister’s adviser on Arab affairs, stated that among Israeli Arabs the collection of income tax was practically nonexistent. They paid only a negligible property tax. The cabinet had also approved the Pensions and Rehabilitation of the Victims of the War of Independence bill
1970 — (2th of Adar-1, 5730) The Knesset passed the «Who is a Jew?» bill which defined a Jew as one born to a Jewish mother or a convert to the Jewish religion
1998 — (12th of Adar, 5758) The new building of the Jewish Museum of Greece was inaugurated today
2002 — (26th of Adar, 5762) Israeli helicopters destroyed Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat’s office in Gaza City, hours after 11 Israelis were killed in a suicide bombing in a cafe across the street from Prime Minister Ariel Sharon’s residence in Jerusalem

1870 — (7th of Adar-1, 5630) Ignaz Moscheles, German composer, died