June 5

History events
70 — (8th of Sivan, 3830) Titus and his Roman legions breach the middle wall of Jerusalem
1570 — (2th of Tammuz, 5330) Jews of Rome forbidden to practise usury
1892 — (10th of Sivan, 5652) Founding of the Jewish community of Oslo, Norway
1934 — (22th of Sivan, 5694) Tensions began to rise today in Eastern Thrace that would lead to full blown violence during June and July known as the Thrace Pogroms which was the name given to a series of violent attacks on the Jews by Moslem Turks in the “cities of Tekirdağ, Edirne, Kırklareli, and Çanakkale.”
1948 — (27th of Iyar, 5778) Израильские вооруженные силы захватили Явне
1958 — (17th of Sivan, 5718) “Exhibition of the Decade” an art exhibition created to celebrate Israel’s tenth anniversary opened today in Binyanei Hauma in Jerusalem featuring “Might” a work by Yosef Zaritsk
1967 — (26th of Iyar, 5727) Moshe Dayan replaced Prime Minister Levi Eshkol as Minister of defense
1967 — (26th of Iyar, 5727) Six-Day War. ….. Operation Focus (Mivtza Moked) began at 07:45. Mordechai Hod took a calculated risk by committing all but 12 of his combat aircraft to the pre-emptive strike. At 7.10 am, he dispatched a first wave of 183 aircraft and, soon after, a second wave of 164. Flying out to sea, they descended to avoid detection by radar, and made for the Egyptian coast. It took 45 minutes for the first wave to reach its targets. «These were,» Hod later recalled, «the longest 45 minutes of my life.» At exactly 7.55 am, Hod’s pilots struck. The Defense Minister, Moshe Dayan, recalled: «Mottie [Hod] and his senior staff officers sat in the front row facing a glass partition, and I sat just behind them . . . I was watching Mottie drink jugful after jugful of water, as he followed his pilots with deep anxiety.»After two hours and 50 minutes the Egyptian Air Force was in ruins, and Hod needed only another hour to finish off the Jordanian and Syrian Air Forces. By midday of June 5, he had total control of the skies
1967 — (26th of Iyar, 5727) War broke out between Israel and the Arab nations. ….. This day marks the first of six of the most momentous days in Jewish history. In May of 1967, Egypt ordered the U.N. peacekeeping force out of the Sinai and sent Egyptian forces into the Sinai Peninsula. Both of these acts were violations of the agreements that had ended the Suez Crisis of 1956-57. Egypt also closed the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping effectively blockading the port of Elath. Such a blockade is an act of war under international law. The Egyptians also formed a joint military command with the Syrians and the Jordanians. For a month, Israel heeded the voices of caution from the international community. However, nothing was done to relieve the desperate situation. So on the morning of June 5, 1967, the Israeli Air Force struck the Egyptian Air Force, destroying much of it on the ground. This was an act of real daring since the Israelis had left only 12 fighters to cover the rest of the country in case of air attack. Following the successful air action, Israeli troops entered the Sinai and engaged the larger Egyptian forces. The world waited and held its breath. At the same time, the Israelis used three different channels to try and convince the Jordanians not to enter the fight. The Jordanian response was to begin shelling the western section of Jerusalem and to begin to move troops forward. Reluctantly, Israeli forces moved into the eastern section of Jerusalem. Two days later, the city would be united as the capital of the Jewish state and the Western Wall would once again be open to the Jews from throughout the world. (For more details on the war you might want to read Six Days of War by Oren, Israel’s Fight for Survival by Donovan, or Israel by Martin Gilbert. As these accounts, all written in different eras after the war confirm, Israel had no grand strategy to conquer the Sinai, the West Bank and the Golan. The attacks aimed at the Egyptians were part of a grand design, but the fight against the other states was in response to unfolding events on the ground. For example, the destruction of the Egyptian Air Force was a strategic move. The destruction of the Jordanian, Syrian and Iraqi air forces was a tactical move that took place when the planes from these three Arab nations crossed into Israeli air space in mid-morning of June 5.)
1967 — (26th of Iyar, 5727) Six-Day War. The Israeli army captured the city of Gaza. Gaza had been occupied by the Egyptians since 1948 and was a base for terrorists.
1967 — (26th of Iyar, 5727) Six-Day War. The town of Latrun, overlooking the old road to Jerusalem was captured. Latrun dominated the road to Jerusalem and had been the cite of great deal of hard fighting during the War For Independence in 1948. The city of Qalqilya was also captured on the same day.
1967 — (26th of Iyar, 5727) Six-Day War. The U.N. Security Council unanimously ordered a cease-fire in the Middle East War. This was the same U.N. that had betrayed the Israelis by removing its forces from the Sinai and had sat silently while the Arab states tightened the noose around Israel’s neck.
1982 — (14th of Sivan, 5742) Israel launched Operation Peace for Galilee against the PLO and other hostile forces after the assassination attempt on the life of Shlomo Argov, Israel’s ambassador to the United Kingdom
2002 — (25th of Sivan, 5762) Of the 17 Israelis who were killed this morning when a stolen car packed with explosives pulled alongside a public bus and exploded near the northern town of Megiddo, 13 were soldiers, most of them conscripts.
2011 — (3th of Sivan, 5771) Two Palestinian teenagers were indicted in the murder of five members of the Fogel family from the West Bank settlement of Itamar. Amjad Awad, 19, who worked as a laborer in Israel, and Hakim Awad 18, a high school student, were indicted today in a West Bank military court for the murders of Udi Fogel, 36, Ruth Fogel, 35, and their children Yoav, 11, Elad, 4, and Hadas, 3 months

1885 — (22th of Sivan, 5645) Sir Julius Benedict, composer and conductor, died
1980 — (21th of Sivan, 5740) Dr. Jerzy Borysowicz, “director of the mental hospital in Radom located at Warszawska Street who provided “daily help” to the Jews during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising and who treated Mordechai Anielewicz passed away today four years before he was awarded the title of Righteous among the Nations posthumously