June 3

History events
1361 — (28th of Sivan, 5121) In Spain orders are given for the construction of a Juderia (Jewish Quarter) in Tarazona. The Jewish Quarter is to be separated by walls from the Christian community. The Christians living where the Juderia is to be built were given property of the same value and relocated.
1877 — (22th of Sivan, 5637) It was reported today that there are 152 synagogues in the United States with 33 in New York, 23 in Maine, 14 in Pennsylvania, 9 in Illinois and 7 each in California, Ohio and Vermont
1946 — (4th of Sivan, 5706) The foundation stone of the Institute of Biophysics and Physical Chemistry was laid today under a blazing sun today Rehovoth
1948 — (25th of Iyar, 5708) Tonight an Iraqi assault succeeded in overwhelming the remaining Israeli-held hills around Jenin.
1948 — (25th of Iyar, 5708) Modi Alon flew Israel’s one serviceable fighter aircraft across the Tel Aviv skies and attacked four Egyptian aircraft that were set to bomb the city. Alon shot down the two bombers and forced their fighter escorts to flee.
1960 — (8th of Sivan, 5720) Four newly deciphered letters of Bar Kochba describing organizational challenges faced by the leader of the revolt against the Roman Empire (132-135 CE) were presented in a lecture given today by Professor Yigal Yadin today at Hebrew University
1967 — (24th of Iyar, 5727) Shabbat was not a day of rest as the Arab vise squeezed around the state Israel. ….. The people were beginning to feel the psychological pain of being surrounded. The Israeli economy was unraveling under the pressure of continuous mobilization. Dyan continued to review the plans of the General Staff. Israel’s Ambassador to the United States, Avraham Harman landed in Israel and reported to Eshkol, Eban, and the senior military officers that the West would not come to Israel’s assistance. If the blockade were to be broken, Israel must do it herself. As the various leaders left that evening the plan was clear. Israel would take action against Egypt, and only Egypt. Jordan would not be attacked if Jordan stayed out of the fight. Contrary to revisionist historians, there was no grand military plan to seize the Sinai, the Golan, the West Bank and Jerusalem
2013 — (25th of Sivan, 5773) The seating capacity of Teddy Stadium, an athletic venue in the Malha neighborhood of Jerusalem named for Teddy Kollek, the city’s greatest mayor, was increased to 31,733 when the “south side stand was completed” today

1803 — (13th of Sivan, 5563) Birthdate of Talmudist Gabriel Jacob Polak whose works included “Dibre Kodesh,” a Dutch-Hebrew dictionary and “Halikot Kedem,” a collection of Hebrew poems
1885 — (20th of Sivan, 5645) Birthdate of Yakov Mikhaylovich Sverdlov, a leader of the Bolsheviks who also was a leader of the infant Soviet Union
1982 — (12th of Sivan, 5742) The Israeli ambassador to Britain, Shlomo Argov, was shot on a London street. The failed assassination attempt was under the command of Fatah leader Abu Nidal. Argov survived but was permanently paralyzed
2006 — (7th of Sivan, 5766) A group of neo-Nazis assaulted Croatia’s Chief Rabbi Eliezer Aloni on a Zagreb street in front of his synagogue on Shabbat