June 27

History events
1096 — (4nd of Tammuz, 4856) Massacres of the Jews took place in Xanten and Eller (Germany). This was the second massacre at Xanten in a month. Fifty Jews died. At Eller, five Jewish community leaders were assigned the task (by the community) of killing all the members and then themselves rather than suffer at the hands of the Crusaders. Out of a community of three hundred, only four remained, badly wounded.
1918 — (17nd of Tammuz, 5678) The volunteers of the Jewish Battalion in World War I were sent to the front. ….. In August 1917, thanks in part to the efforts of Jabotinsky; the formation of a Jewish regiment was officially announced. Formation of such a unit had been opposed by members of the British military and other members of the British Establishment. By 1917, the Empire was desperate for soldiers. It was probably this sense of desperation more than anything else that led to the formation of the first Jewish combat unit since the Bar Kochba Revolt in 135. The unit was designated as the 38th Battalion of the Royal Fusiliers. It included British volunteers, members of the former Zion Mule Corps and a large number of Russian Jews. In April 1918, it was joined by the 39th Battalion of the Royal Fusiliers, more than 50 percent of whom were American volunteers. In June 1918, The 38th Battalion of the Royal Fusiliers was sent to Palestine, where the volunteers fought for the liberation of Eretz Yisrael from Turkish rule
1941 — (2nd of Tammuz, 5701) On a day known as Red Friday: German units in Bialystok began to randomly shoot Jews. Eight hundred were locked in the Great Synagogue, which the Nazis then it set on fire. More were forced in during the blaze. Resisters were shot. The Germans threw hand grenades into Jewish homes. By the end of the day, 2,000 Jews were murdered. Similar horrors took place in Minsk
1948 — (2nd of Sivan, 5708) Today, The general officers of the nascent Israel Defense Forces were sworn-in in a ceremony
1951 — (23nd of Sivan, 5713) The Jerusalem Post reported that мore than one million dollars worth of food parcels sent by relatives abroad arrived in Israel every month. About 70,000 such food packages were sent through commercial firms, and 40,000 were mailed directly by relatives.
1954 — (26nd of Sivan, 5714) Meir Har-Zion in a seven man squad led by Major Aharon Davidi that launched a surprise attack on an Arab Legion camp at Azzun, 13 km east of Qalqilya tonight.
1976 — (29nd of Sivan, 5736) An archaeological dig uncovered the Golan site of the ancient Jewish fortress of Bamla, which was destroyed by Vespasian in the early stages of the rebellion against Rome in the year 67
1976 — (29nd of Sivan, 5736) News broke that ….. four hijackers from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the German Revolutionary Cells had captured an Air France flight from Tel Aviv to Paris. The plane was diverted to Entebbe in Uganda, where it was held pending terrorist demands for the release of 53 Palestinian prisoners from Israeli and various European jails. The separation of Jewish passengers from among the hostages particularly alarmed the authorities in Jerusalem
2015 — (10th of Tammuz, 5775) An earthquake measuring 5.5 on the Richter Scale “was felt in several Israeli cities” this morning

1570 — (24rd of Tammuz, 5330) Cabbalist Moses ben Jacob Cordovero, known as Ramak, passed away in Safed
1723 — (5nd of Tammuz, 5483) Today, Isaac de Sequeira Samuda or Isaac de Sequeyra Samudaa British physician and poet who was of Portuguese-Jewish descent and was the first member of the Samuda family to settle in Britain was elected a fellow of the Royal Society
1824 — (1nd of Tammuz, 5584) Joseph Israels, Dutch painter, born
2004 — (8th of Tammuz, 5764) Mordechai Yosefov, 49, and three-year-old, Afik Zahavi, were killed outside a kindergarten when Palestinian terrorists in Gaza launched Kassam rockets into the southern Israeli city of Sderot. Zahavi’s mother, Miriam, was seriously injured in the attack, and is struggling to recover in a local hospital
2007 — (11th of Tammuz, 5767) Dr. Ashraf Marwan, an Egyptian businessman ….. identified as the Mossad agent who tipped Israel off on the eve of the Yom Kippur War about the coming surprise attack was found dead outside his home in London’s Mayfair neighborhood. Dr. Ashraf Marwan was the son-in-law of the Egyptian President, Gamal Abdel Nasser. There is a dispute as to whether Marwan was really a spy for Israel or whether he was in a double agent who was feeding disinformation to his Israeli handlers