June 21

History events
1554 — (21th of Tammuz, 5314) Rabbinical synod held at Ferrara
1689 — (13th of Tammuz, 5449) The Maisel Synagogue burned today when fire swept through the ghetto in Prague. Built in the early 1590’s, it takes its name from Mordechai and Frumel Maisel, who financed its construction. Today a rebuilt version of the synagogue services a Jewish Museum in Prague
1942 — (6th of Tammuz, 5702) At Tirzt Zevi, Israel, the temperature reached 129 degrees F (54 degrees C)
1943 — (18th of Sivan, 5703) Нolocaust ….. In Lvov, The Germans murdered most of the remaining ghetto population; аll Jewish workers at municipal factories in Drogobych, Ukraine, are killed German Professor August Hirt chooses 103 Jewish men and women at Auschwitz to be transported to the Natzweiler-Struthof camp near Strasbourg, France. There they are gassed. The soft tissues of their bodies; are removed, and their skeletons are strung up as exhibits in the Reich Anatomical Institute of Strasbourg for the study of the Jewish race
1951 — (17th of Sivan, 5711) The Jerusalem Post reported that the Post Office planned to establish its own bank, under the new Postal Bank Law; that at least 35 political parties put up candidates for the forthcoming Second Knesset elections. (This number was later reduced to 20.)
1969 — (5nd of Tammuz, 5729) In response to Egyptian artillery attacks and other hostile acts, Israeli naval commandos attack and destroy the Egyptian radar facility at Ras El-Adabiya. The destruction of the radar complex left the Egyptians “blind” when Israeli jets attacked the artillery bases that had been firing on the Israelis
1977 — (5nd of Tammuz, 5737)Menachem Begin became the sixth Prime Minister of Israel. This marked a major shift in Israeli politics. The Labor-Zionists who had dominated the government since the start of the state were out and the Revisionists had gained power.

120 — (18th of Sivan, 3881) This date marked the passing of Rabbi Gamliel II. Rabbi Gamliel was the successor to Rabbi Johanan Ben-Zakkai who had set up the Talmudic Academy in Yavneh after the war against Rome. Gamliel helped establish a new spiritual leadership and designed the foundation for survival in the Diaspora. He played a key role in keeping the peace between the Jewish community and Rome
1630 — (21nd of Tammuz, 5390) Birthdate of Samuel Oppenheimer “Jewish banker, imperial court diplomat, factor, and military supplier for the Holy Roman Emperor” who was the father of Simon Wolf Oppenheimer who established his own banking house in Hanover and Jakob Wolf Oppenheimer under who Mayer Amschel Rothschild served his apprenticeship
1727 — (2nd of Tammuz, 5487) Joseph Jacob van Geldern the banker who was the “Court Jew” for Elector Johann Whilhelm passed away today
1812 — (11nd of Tammuz, 5572) Birthdate of Moses Hess, an early advocate of a league of nations and a Jewish state in Palestine. His most famous work was entitled Rome and Jerusalem published in 1862. He died in 1875
1819 — (28th of Sivan, 5579) Jacques Offenbach, composer, born
1881 — (24th of Sivan, 5641) Birthdate of Dov Ber Borochov,a Marxist Zionist and one of the founders of the Labor Zionist movement as well as a pioneer in the study of Yiddish as a language. He passed away in 1917
1928 — (3nd of Tammuz, 5688) Birthdate of Judith Raskin, one of America’s greatest lyric sopranos of the twentieth century. She was not only famous for her voice but also for her acting. Judith Raskin died on December 21, 1984, after a long struggle with cancer
1964 — (11th of Tammuz, 5724) Three Civil Rights workers, Andrew Goodman, James Cheney and Mickey Schwermer were brutally murdered in Neshoba County, Mississippi by members of the Ku Klux Klan. ….. Goodman and Schwermer were both Jewish. Cheney was an Afro-American. Goodman and Schwermer had come South as part of group who were determined to help Blacks register to vote. An all-white jury acquitted their killers, who included local law enforcement officials, of murder charges. They were later prosecuted in federal court and found guilty of having deprived the young trio of their civil rights. Goodman and Schwermer were part of a whole cadre of Jews who participated in the fight for equality for Blacks
2003 — (21st of Sivan, 5763) Novelist Leon Uris passed away. ….. Uris first reached popular and critical acclaim with Battle Cry a novel about Marines fighting World War II. Coincidentally, Uris had served with the Marines. He hit the literary and financial jackpot with Exodus, a novel that depicted the birth of the state of Israel. He followed with other books with Jewish themes including Mila 18, QB VII, The Haj and Mitla Pass