June 20

History events
1391 — (17th of Tammuz, 5151) Four thousand Jews slain at Toledo
1567 — (13th of Tammuz, 5327) Jews were expelled from Brazil by order of Regent Don Henrique
1757 — (2th of Tammuz, 5517) In Kameiek (Podolia), the Frankists, ….. calling themselves Zoharists, decided to wage war against the Talmud. They contacted the local bishop, Dembovsky, and convinced him to arrange a disputation. Naturally, the Talmud was condemned and thousands of copies were burned. The Frankists then became practicing Christians. The Frankists were Jews who were followers of Jacob Frank who had proclaimed himself the Messiah
1767 — (23th of Sivan, 5527) Cossacks slay thousands of Jews at Homel, Poland
1768 — (5th of Tammuz, 5528) The third of the Haidamack uprisings called Koliyivschyna began
1941 — (25th of Sivan, 5701) As of today, more than 2,000,000 Jews live in New York City
1943 — (17th of Sivan, 5703) Five thousand Jews from Amsterdam are deported to Auschwitz; The Ternopol (Ukraine) Ghetto is liquidated.
1948 — (13th of Sivan, 5708) During the Israeli War for Independence, ….. the Etzel (Irgun) ship Altelena reached the coast of Tel Aviv carrying 800 new immigrants and weapons. The Etzel claimed they had an agreement that 20% of the arms on board would be used by its members in defending Jerusalem. David Ben Gurion, head of the new state of Israel, saw this as threat to the power of the new government. He believed that there could only be one army and that it had to be under the control of the national government. If the Irgun wanted to fight, then its members had to become part of the army just as the members of the Palmach and the Haganah had done. Ben Gurion refused to accept any compromise on this point. He ordered the ship to be fired upon. The incident almost caused a civil war and was only averted by an impassioned and at times incoherent speech made by Menachem Begin to his followers over the radio that night not to take up arms against fellow Jews. One only has to look at multiplicity of armed groups operating today on the West Bank and Gaza to see what would have happened if Ben Gurion had not reluctantly taken such bold action which was necessary if the new state of Israel was going to be a coherent nation
1951 — (16th of Sivan, 5711) The Jerusalem Post reported that legislation empowered the minister of finance to underwrite up to 50 percent of mortgage loans for the construction of low-cost housing; that Britain had promised to press Egypt to open the Suez Canal for oil tankers bound for the Haifa refineries.

1510 — (12th of Tammuz, 5270) Birthdate of Beatrice de Luna who gained fame as Gracia Mendes Nasi one of the richest and most powerful women of her times who was the mother-in-law of Don Joseph Nasi
1926 — (8th of Tammuz, 5686) Birthdate of Rehavam «Gandhi» Ze’evi the native of Jerusalem who rose to the rank of general and founded the Moledet Party
1947 — (2nd of Tammuz, 5707) Ben «Bugsy» Siegel was gunned down by fellow mobsters over financial irregularities surrounding the building of the Flamingo in Las Vegas, twenty minutes after Bugsy Siegel was murder, Meyer Lansky’s associates, including Gus Greenbaum and Moe Sedway, walked into the Flamingo Hotel and took control of the property
1954 — (19th of Sivan, 5714) In Ramat Gan, Louis (Lutz) Eliezer Wolfermann and Tonya Krepel gave birth to Ilan Ramon, Israel’s first astronaut
2002 — (10th of Tammuz, 5762) Rachel Shabo, 40, and three of her sons — Neria, 16, Zvika, 12, and Avishai, 5 — as well as a neighbor, Yosef Twito, 31, who came to their aid, were murdered when a terrorist entered their home in Itamar, south of Nablus, and opened fire
2003 — (20th of Sivan, 5763) Zvi Goldstein, 47, of Eli, was killed when his car was fired upon in an ambush by Palestinian terrorists near Ofra, north of Ramallah. His parents, Eugene and Lorraine Goldstein, from New York, were seriously wounded and his wife lightly injured