June 18

History events
1492 — (23th of Sivan, 5252) A Sicilian version the Edict of Expulsion issued by the Spanish monarchs was published today in Palermo
1916 — (17th of Sivan, 5676) The Turkish military governor, Djemal Pasha, banned Jews from praying at the Kotel
1919 — (20th of Sivan, 5679) The publication of Haaretz, a Hebrew daily newspaper, begins in Jerusalem. It will move to Tel Aviv in 1923
1936 — (28th of Sivan, 5696) The Palestine Post reported that a commission had been appointed by the government to replace the Haifa’s Municipal Council which since the beginning of the Arab boycott was no longer able to discharge its duties. The government began to demolish the condemned buildings in the Old City of Jaffa. The quarter looked like a nightmare with furniture, bedding and odds and ends being dragged out of condemned houses
1947 — (30th of Sivan, 5707) Ben-Gurion ….. appointed Yaakov Dori as the chief of staff and Yisrael Galili as the new national command head as part of his plan to revamp the Yishuv’s military forces; published a long memorandum addressed to the Haganah command. He outlined a three-fold structure for the organization: an excellent attack force for special purposes; a driving force in the form of a regular army; and a territorial defense force. The most urgent goal: training commanders up through the battalion level; establishing a high school for commanders to prepare battalion commanders and staff officers. This was necessary because up until this time, the Haganah’s platoon commander’s course was the highest level of training
1951 — (14th of Sivan, 5711) The Jerusalem Post reported that ….. the Negev rejoiced when water spurted several meters high in the yellow wilderness when Avraham Hartzfeld, the gray-haired patron of the settlers, turned the tap of the new pipeline and pumping station; that Israel’s first steel-pipe factory was opened south of Acre by the Middle East Tube Co. Ltd; that the new freighter Eilat called at Haifa with a cargo of 9,000 tons of wheat and 2,000 tons of machinery
1968 — (22th of Sivan, 5728) The Jewish Defense League’s first meeting was held at the West Side Jewish Center today
1976 — (20th of Sivan, 5736) The Jerusalem Post reported that the Treasury and the Histadrut had jointly decided that Value Added Tax would be levied at 8 percent, as of July 1
2002 — (8th of Tammuz, 5762) Nineteen people, including two children, ….. were killed and 74 were injured – six seriously – in a suicide bombing at the Patt junction in Egged bus #32A traveling from Gilo to the center of Jerusalem. The bus, which was completely destroyed, was carrying a number of students on their way to school. The victims: Boaz Aluf, 54, of Jerusalem; Shani Avi-Zedek, 15, of Jerusalem; Leah Baruch, 59, of Jerusalem; Mendel Bereson, 72, of Jerusalem; Rafael Berger, 28, of Jerusalem; Michal Biazi, 24, of Jerusalem; Tatiana Braslavsky, 41, of Jerusalem; Galila Bugala, 11, of Jerusalem; Raisa Dikstein, 67, of Jerusalem; Dr. Moshe Gottlieb, 70, of Jerusalem; Baruch Gruani, 60, of Jerusalem; Orit Hayla, 21, of Jerusalem; Helena Ivan, 63, of Jerusalem; Iman Kabha, 26, of Barta; Shiri Negari, 21, of Jerusalem; Gila Nakav, 55, of Jerusalem; Yelena Plagov, 42, of Jerusalem; Liat Yagen, 24 of Jerusalem; Rahamim Zidkiyahu, 51, of Jerusalem. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack
2003 — (18th of Sivan, 5763) A Palestinian terrorist killed 19 passengers when he detonated a bomb on a bus in Jerusalem.

1643 — (11st of Tammuz, 5403) Aaron Abba ben Johanan ha-Levi, the “president of the rabbinical college in Lemberg” who was a contemporary of Abraham Rapoport, Joel Särkes, and Meir Lublin passed away today
1992 — (17th of Sivan, 5752) Famed Israeli painter, Mordecai Ardon, passed away
2001 — (27th of Sivan, 5761) Palestinian terrorists murdered 35 year old Dan Yehuda in a drive-by shooting
2011 — (16th of Sivan, 5771) Eighty-eight year old Elena Boner, the Soviet dissident and human-rights campaigner who endured banishment and exile along with her husband, the dissident nuclear physicist Andrei D. Sakharov, passed away today. Her father was an Armenia. Her mother, Ruth Bonner was a Jewess born in Siberia who disappeared into the Gulag in 1938