June 16

History events
1221 — (25th of Sivan, 4981) Many Jews murdered in Erfurt
1385 — (6th of Tammuz, 5145) Emperor Wenceslaus arrested Jews living in what was known as the Swabian League, (the league of free cities in South Germany) and confiscated their books. A hefty fine had to be paid for their return and the release of the prisoners
1906 — (23th of Sivan, 5666) After three days of violence, the Bialystok Pogrom came to an end. The death count varies; from a low of 80 to a high of 100. Hundreds of Jewish owned shops were destroyed
1925 — (24th of Sivan, 5685) The third session of the National Assembly of the Palestine Jewry split today over the question of woman suffrage with the progressive elements demanding that women have right to vote and be elected to the National Assembly and the Orthodox Jews opposing it
1933 — (22th of Sivan, 5693) According to a census on this date, the Jewish population of Berlin, Germany’s capital city was about 160,000. Berlin’s Jewish community was the largest in Germany, comprising more than 32 percent of all Jews in the country
1933 — (22nd of Sivan, 5693) Unknown assailants murder Zionist Labor leader Chaim Arlosoroff
1943 — (13th of Sivan, 5703) SS chief Heinrich Himmler allows a transfer of Jewish prisoners from the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp located in Germany for medical experiments involving jaundice
1946 — (17th of Sivan, 5706) Tonight, Operation Markolet or Night of the Bridges, a Haganah operation designed “to destroy eleven bridges linking Palestine with the neighboring countries of Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt began
1952 — (23th of Sivan, 5712) «Anne Frank: Diary of Young Girl» is published in the United States
1963 — (24th of Sivan, 5723) David Ben-Gurion resigned for the second and last time as Prime Minister and Defense Minister. Levi Eshkol will be chosen as a compromise candidate to fill both positions.

1591 — (4th of Tammuz, 5351) Joseph Solomon del Medigo born
1775 — (18th of Sivan, 5535) Birthdate of Judah Touro, the native of Newport, Rhode Island who was the son of Isaac Touro who moved to New Orleans where he became a successful businessman. Touro fought in the Battle of New Orleans under Andrew Jackson and became one of the nation’s leading philanthropists contributing to a wide variety of secular and Jewish causes
1944 — (25th of Sivan, 5704) In France, Jewish historian Marc Bloch, a leader of the resistance group Francs-Tireurs et Partisans, is executed by German troops
1947 — (28th of Sivan, 5707) Bronislaw Huberman, famed violinist and founder of the Palestine Philharmonic Orchestra, passed away
1957 — (17th of Sivan, 5717) Fifty-four year old David “Davie the Jew” Berman a mobster who began his criminal career in Sioux City, Iowa died today during surgery in Las Vegas where he had teamed up with Bugsy Siegel to turn the city into a gambler’s paradise