July 30

History events
1488 — (22th of Av, 5248) Sixteen Jews were burned at the stake in Barcelona
1492 — (9th of Av, 5252) The entire Jewish Community, numbering 200,000 souls was expelled from Spain
1494 — (27th of Av, 5254) In Toledo, an especially large auto da fé was held today with 16 persons from Guadalajara, Alcalá de Henares, and Toledo burned to death and 30 more condemned to life imprisonment
1936 — (11th of Av, 5696) The Palestine Post ….. reported on the appointment in London of the Royal Commission for Palestine, chaired by Earl Peel. Other members were Sir Horace Rumboldt, Sir Laurie Hammond, Sir Morris Carter, Sir Harold Morris and Professor Reginald Coupland. The commission’s terms of reference were «to ascertain the underlying causes of the disturbances… to inquire into the manner in which the Mandate was implemented in relation to the obligations of the Mandatory towards the Arabs and Jews… to study legitimate grievances and make recommendations for their removal and for the prevention of their recurrence.»
1941 — (6th of Av, 5701) At Ponar, outside of Vilna, approximately, 150 Jews are shot. Most of the victims are elderly
1942 — (16th of Av, 5702) German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
1943 — (27th of Tammuz, 5703) First publication of Mishmar, a newspaper owned by Hashomer Hatzair that would be re-named Al HaMishmar
1946 — (2th of Av, 5706) A three-day pogrom began in Miskolc, Hungary
1951 — (26th of Tammuz, 5711) The Jerusalem Post reported that more than 1,500 polling stations opened to admit an estimated 880,000 voters for the Second Knesset. There were 17 lists of political parties contesting for the election of 120 Knesset members. About 75,000 Arabs were eligible to vote
1970 — (26th of Tammuz, 5730) Israeli airmen shot down four MIGs flown by Russian pilots over the Suez Canal. This marked the first military encounter between Israeli and Russian forces
1980 — (17th of Av, 5740) The Knesset passed the “The Jerusalem Law” establishing Jerusalem as the capital of the State of Israel
2006 — (5th of Av, 5766) Hezbollah fired a record 140 Katyusha rockets at targets in northern Israel today wounding at least eight people
2011 — (28th of Tammuz, 5771) Hundreds of thousands of Israelis took part in protests held in cities across the country tonight, the largest collaborative protest yet in a popular movement over social issues that has swept the country in the past two weeks

1937 — Pierre-Marie Gerlier who would be posthumously awarded the title Righteous among the Nations by Yad Vashem in 1981 was named Archbishop of Lyon today
1997 — (25th of Tammuz, 5757) Lev Desyatnik, 60, of Jerusalem; ….. Regina Giber, 76, of Jerusalem; Valentina Kovalenko, 67, of Jerusalem; Shmuel Malka, 44, of Mevaseret Zion; David Nasco, 44, of Mevaseret Zion; Muhi A-din Othman, 33, of Eilabun; Simha Fremd, 92, of Jerusalem; Gregory Paskhovitz, 15, of Jerusalem; Leah Stern, 50, of Jerusalem; Rachel Tejgatrio, 83, of Jerusalem; Liliya Zelezniak, 47, of Jerusalem; Shalom (Golan) Zevulun, 52, of Jerusalem and Mark Rabinowitz, 80, of Jerusalem were murdered by Hamas today at Mahane Yehuda Market
2014 — (3rd of Av, 5774) St.-Sgt. Matan Gotlib, 21, from Rishon Lezion, St.-Sgt.Omer Hay, 21, from Savyon, and St.-Sgt. Guy Algranati, 20, from Tel Aviv “were killed this morning in Gaza in an explosion at a booby-trapped UNRWA health clinic that housed a tunnel entry shaft.”