July 3

History events
1475 — (28th of Tammuz, 5235) Meshullam Cusi Rafa ben Moses Jacob established the first Hebrew press in Italy at Piove di Sacco near Padua and printed Jacob ben Asher’s Arbah Turim. The same year he also printed a Slichot
1840 — (2th of Tammuz, 5600) Mansion House meeting in London protests against the outrages of the Damascus Affair
1868 — (13th of Tammuz, 5628) Religious freedom proclaimed in Germany
1936 — (13th of Tammuz, 5696) Jewish stores were sacked and several Jews were wounded by Moslems in Gafsa and Sousse Tunisia which led the Jewish merchants in Sousse to barricade “themselves in their shops” and fight “off attacking Moslems with rifle and pistol fire” while they awaited the arrival troops who were supposed to restore order
1939 — (16th of Tammuz, 5699) A sailboat of unknown nationality arrived in Haifa flying the blue and white colors of the Zionist cause. British police boarded the boat “where they found 697 Jewish immigrants including 192 women and 37 children.” The immigrants are classified as “illegal” and their total will be deducted from the pitifully small allotment of Jews allowed to enter Palestine under the White Paper.
1939 — (16th of Tammuz, 5699) Tonight, Arabs attacked Tel Hayim, a settlement near Tel Aviv, killing one Jewish supernumerary
1941 — (8th of Tammuz, 5701) Нolocaust. ….. One hundred Jews are murdered at Bialystok, Poland; In the Ukraine, 3500 Jews are killed at Zloczow and hundreds die at Drohobycz; Fifty Jews in Novogroduk, Belorussia, who volunteer for a German-organized Jewish council, «disappear.» Another 50, selected at random, are shot in the town square to the accompaniment of music played by a German band
1951 — (29th of Sivan, 5711) The Jerusalem Post reported that ….. the first reading of the Women’s Equal Rights Bill was passed by the Knesset. The Knesset had also passed a bill empowering the government to float loans up to IL5m. from financial institutions to be applied to the defense budget. 128,223 new immigrants entered the country during the first six months of 1951. Since the state was established in 1948, 638,597 immigrants arrived
1976 — (5th of Tammuz, 5736) By the end of Day 7 the rescue mission portion of Operation Thunderbolt had been completed as Hercules Four flown Amnon Halivni took off from Entebbe and headed for Kenya carrying all of the hostages with the exception of Dora Bloch who was in a Ugandan hospital.
1989 — (30th of Sivan, 5749) Opening of the Thirteenth Maccabiah

1881 — (6th of Tammuz, 5641) Birthdate of Dov Ber Borochov, the son of Russian school teachers who in his brief life left his imprint on “the study of Yiddish” and the Labor Zionist movement
1883 — (28th of Sivan, 5643) In Prague, “Hermann Kafka the fourth child of Jakob Kafka, a shochet or ritual slaughterer in Osek, a Czech village with a large Jewish population located near Strakonice in southern Bohemia” NS and his wife “Julie, the daughter of Jakob Löwy, a prosperous retail merchant in Poděbrady” gave birth to author Franz Kafka
1904 — (20th of Tammuz, 5664) Theodor Herzl, Zionist leader, died
1936 — (13th of Tammuz, 5696): German Jew Stefan Lux kills himself in the assembly room of the League of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. The suicide is in protest of Germany’s persecution of Jews. He was an early supporter of Theodore Herzl and Zionism but curtailed his efforts following the Great War
1949 — (6th of Tammuz, 5709) David Ben-Gurion issued a public exoneration of Meir Tubiansky and restitution of his rank and rights. Four days later his body was re-buried on Mount Herzl. In November 1949, after a trial at which Binyamin Gibli appeared as a witness for the prosecution, Isser Be’eri was found guilty of manslaughter