July 22

History events
1306 — (10th of Av, 5066) Philip the Fair of France arrested all the Jews, confiscated their property, and expelled them from his lands
1472 — (17th of Av, 5232) Menahem ben Nethaneel Raphael Trabot” a member of family scholars living in Italy during the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries “purchased Codex Turin A. vii. 18” today
1489 — (24th of Av, 5249) In Soncino, printer Joshua Solomon Soncino produced the first copy Talmud Bavil, Tractate “Niddah.”
1648 — (13th of Av, 5408) About 10,000 Jews slain at Polonnoye, near Jitomir
1918 — (13th of Av, 5678) British General Allenby approved a town-planning scheme for Jerusalem complete with an expanded road network, new parks and municipal and residential buildings
1942 — (8th of Av, 5702) Нolocaust. ….. On the day before Tisha B’Av German authorities and Ukrainian and Latvian guards in SS uniforms surround the walls of the Warsaw Ghetto. Six thousand Warsaw Jews were told to gather for deportation. Over the next seven weeks as many as 300,000 Jews would be sent by train to the three gas chambers of Treblinka. The railway master at Treblinka was notified of a shuttle line being set up between Warsaw and its railroad station for «Settlers.” THIS WAS THE LARGEST SLAUGHTER OF ANY SINGLE COMMUNITY DURING THE HOLOCAUST. From July 22 through September 12, 1942: 4,000 Warsaw Jews per day would be gassed in Treblinka. Only those with special cards stamped with ‘Operation Reihnard’, an eagle and the swastika were saved from deportation. Resisters or those taking flight would be shot on the spot by Ukrainians, Latvians, Lithuanians and German SS officers. Orphanages, children homes, hospitals, were all emptied. Each train was comprised of sixty cars. Each car was packed with human cargo
1946 — (23th of Tammuz, 5706) The Irgun bombed the King David Hotel in Jerusalem. ….. The King David was the headquarters of the British civil and military administration. Ninety people, including Jews, lost their lives. The Irgun, led by Menachem Begin, claimed that they had called ahead to warn of the bombing. The British denied receiving any such call. The Jewish Agency, the de facto government of the Jews in Palestine and other Jewish leaders, denounced the attack. There was a «moment of mourning» on July 23 as the Jewish community paused to honor the dead. The attack marked a split between the recently agreed to alliance between the Haganah and the Irgun
1948 — (15th of Tammuz, 5708) The Israelis opened the refineries at Haifa. They had been closed since the British shut them down on April 26 in the waning days of the Mandate
1951 — (18th of Tammuz, 5711) The Jerusalem Post reported ….. that 69-year-old King Abdullah of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan was assassinated inside al-Aksa Mosque in the Jordanian-held Old City of Jerusalem. King Abdullah was known for his efforts to reach an Arab-Israeli peace settlement. In his memoirs he wrote: «I have been astonished at what I saw of the Jewish settlements: They have colonized sand dunes, drawn water from them, and transformed them into paradise…»
1980 — (9th of Av, 5740) The Knesset voted by ninety-nine votes to fifty-one to annex east Jerusalem declaring that ‘Jerusalem, complete and undivided, is the capital of Israel.’
2006 — (26th of Tammuz, 5766) Israel ousted Hezbollah guerrillas ….. from a stronghold just inside Lebanon after several days of fierce fighting, the army said, as it bombarded targets across the south of the country. Israel Defense Forces ground forces commander Major-General Benny Gantz said troops took the hilltop village of Maroun Ras, where four soldiers were killed last Thursday, inflicting dozens of casualties on Hezbollah. IDF troops took positions in the vicinity of Maroun Ras, in southern Lebanon, on Saturday and carried out operations to detect rocket launchers and underground bunkers where Hezbollah militants are holed up; At least 100 Katyusha Rockets fired by Hezbollah forces in Lebanon land in northern Israel. At least nineteen Israeli civilians are reported injured
2008 — (19th of Tammuz, 5768) For the second time in three weeks, an Arab bulldozer driver from east Jerusalem rammed his construction vehicle into a city bus and several cars on a central thoroughfare in the capital wounding 15 people before being shot dead by a Druse border police officer and a civilian passerby

1849 — (3th of Av, 5609) In New York, the former Esther Nathan and Moses Lazarus gave birth to poet Emma Lazarus who became famous as the author of «The New Colossus»
1878 — (21th of Tammuz, 5638) Birthdate of Janusz Korczak, Polish born Jewish pediatrician who used the pen name of Henryk Goldszmit as an author of children’s book
1907 — (11th of Av, 5667) Rabbi Isaac Blaser, leader of the Musar movement and the author of Peri Yizhak, passed away
2018 — (10th of Av, 5778) The motif of Tisha B’Av becomes even more mournful as all decent people lament the death of 21 year old Staff Sgt. Avi Levi who was murdered by a sniper during one of Hamas’ “peaceful protests” on the border between Gaza and Israel