July 20

History events
70 — (23nd of Tammuz, 3830) During the Siege of Jerusalem, Titus, son of emperor Vespasian, storms the Fortress of Antonia north of the Temple Mount. The Roman army is drawn into street fights with the Zealots
1263 — (12th of Av, 5023) Religious disputation at Barcelona, Naḥmanides defending Judaism
1934 — (8th of Av, 5694) The Court of Appeal today quashed the death sentence passed by the District Court on Abraham Stavsky on June 8 for the murder of Dr. Chaim Arlosoroff, prominent labor leader and member of the Jewish Agency Executive of Palestine. The Appeal Court found that the evidence was insufficient
1949 — (23nd of Tammuz, 5709) Israel’s 19 month War of Independence ended. The government of Syria signed the last of four armistices, which marked the end of open warfare. The cessation of hostilities did not bring peace since the Arab states refused to come to grips with the reality of the existence of Israel
1950 — (6th of Av, 5710) In Israel, doctors employed by the Health Ministry will go on strike today unless their demands for increased pay are met
1969 — (5th of Av, 5729) Israeli commandos successfully finish their attack on Green Island by completely destroying the island fortress
1980 — (7th of Av, 5740) The United Nations Security Council votes 14-0 that member states should not recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. ….. This is another reason that Israel tends not to trust the UN. In 1947, as part of the partition vote, the UN said Jerusalem would be governed by an international body. When the Jordanians attacked Jerusalem and expelled the Jewish population from the Old City, the UN did nothing. During the 19 year occupation of the city by the Jordanians Jews, of whatever nationality, were kept out of the city. The UN did nothing. But now that the Israelis controlled the whole city and it was open to Christians, Moslems and Jews, the UN acted to support the Arab view of the City of David
2015 — (4th of Av, 5775) Archaeologist announced today that “thanks to a high tech solution, a charred parchment scroll discovered by the shores of the Dead Sea bearing verses from the Book of Leviticus” has been deciphered for the first time

1633 — (23th of Av, 5393) Rabbi Nathan Shaprio, a leading Kabblist from Cracow and author of Megale Amukot passed away
1706 — (20th of Av, 5466) Shabbethai ben Joseph Bass who had founded printing business in Dyhernfurth, a small town near Breslau which produced its first book, a work by Rabbi Samuel ben Uri of Waydyslav in 1689, was forced to leave Breslau as a result of local hostility to Jews
1859 — (18nd of Tammuz, 5619) Birthdate of German botanist and Zionist leader Otto Warburg
2014 — (22nd of Tammuz, 5714) Thirteen members of the Golani Brigade were killed today as they fought the terrorirsts in Gaza including Captain Tzafrir Bar-Or, a commander in the Golani Brigade, 32, of Holon; Major Zvi Kaplan, a commander in the Golani Brigade, 28, from Kedumim; Gilad Yaakobi, 21, of Kiryat Ono; Sergeant Oz Mendelovich, 21, from Avtalion; Nissim Shon Carmeli, 21, of Ra’anana
2015 — (4th of Av, 5775) Ninety-four year old Pennsylvania born pilot Lou Lenart whose colorful career included “saving Tel Aviv” on May 29, 1948 when he and three other fliers conducted “a forty minute strafing and bombing raid on a column of Egyptian tanks, trucks and troops” that would have been in the Jewish metropolis the following day were it not for this act of daring-do