July 17

History events
1287 — (4th of Av, 5047) Forty Jews — men, women and children — were killed by a mob in Oberwesel (Germany) after a ritual murder accusation. The rioting spread down the Rhineland
1549 — (21th of Tammuz, 5309) All Jews and Marranos were expelled from Ghent, Belgium
1555 — (28th of Tammuz, 5315) Paul IV issued one of the most famous papal bulls in Church history. The bull, Cum Nimis Absurdum (the title stemmed from its opening phrase, «Since it is absurd») ordered the creation of a Jewish ghetto in Rome
1793 — (8th of Av, 5553) Second of the three partitions of Poland takes place as Russia, Prussia and Austria divide this once proud kingdom home to one of Europe’s largest Jewish communities. As a result of the partitions, Russia, which had worked to remain Jew-free, would find itself home to millions of Jews
1881 — (20th of Tammuz, 5641) Anti-Semitic riots at Neustettin, lasting two days
1927 — (17th of Tammuz, 5687) A slight earthquake shock was felt in Jerusalem at 10:04 this morning” and three people who were injured were taken to the hospital.
1941 — (22nd of Tammuz, 5701) Нolocaust. Twelve hundred Jews are murdered at Slonim, Belorussia; This marks the first day of the a fourteen day slaughter of the Jews at Kishinev in the Soviet Union; During those 14 days over 10,000 Jews would be slaughtered by the Nazis and their local collaborators
1948 — (10th of Tammuz, 5708) War of Independence. ….. A two-pronged attack by Israeli forces designed to drive Arab Legion forces from the eastern section of Jerusalem failed. The Old City would remain under Jordanian occupation until 1967. During this time, Jews were barred from the Old City and no Arabs demanded that the Old City be made the capital of a Palestinian state; On the second day of Operation Death to the Invader, an Israeli military operation designed to connect settlements in the Negev with the rest of Israel, a series of Israeli assaults failed in their attempt to take their objectives; During Operation Dekel, Israeli forces took the villages of Hittin and Nimrin
2002 — (8th of Av, 5672) An 11-month old baby, her father and grandmother were among the seven people killed when Palestinians in Israeli Army uniforms set off a roadside bomb near a bus approaching a Jewish settlement, then hurled grenades and raked the vehicle with gunfire” wounding an additional 17 people
2008 — (14th of Tammuz, 5768) The military funerals for Eldad Regev and Ehud Goldwasser the two Israeli soldiers abducted in 2006 by Hezbollah, whose bodies were returned yesterday as part of a prisoner swap take place today in their respective hometowns

2009 — (25th of Tammuz, 5769) General Meir Amit passed away at the age of 88. A soldier during the War for Independence, Amit was commander of the famed Golani Brigade, a graduate of Columbia and a major general in the IDF. His greatest claim to fame was his service as head of Mossad during which he managed the activities of Eli Cohen and provided the intelligence estimates that were helpful in during the Six Day War