July 16

History events
1882 — (29th of Tammuz, 5642) As of today, there were 250,000 Jews living in the United States.
1936 — (26th of Tammuz, 5696) The Palestine Post reported that, тhe Manchester Guardian wrote that Jewish immigration to Palestine had never been allowed to keep pace with the «absorptive capacity.» The Arab population had increased from 500,000 in 1922 to 850,000 in 1936, because Palestine became more attractive by the Jewish influx
1942 — (2th of Av, 5702) Нolocaust. ….. The first train with Jews from Holland left for a killing camp; On order from Pierre Laval, the Prime Minister of the Vichy French government, between 13,000 and 20,000 Jews living in Paris were rounded up by the French police for deportation. This was known as “La Grande Rafle” or the Big Sweep. The group of Jews in this round up is primarily German and Austrian born Jews who were living in the French capital. The first one thousand would be deported three days later on a so-called «Eichmann Train.» There were no protests from the Parisians
1948 — (9th of Tammuz, 5708) War of Independence. ….. After fierce fighting, the Israelis successfully took Nazareth; The Irgun planned to make one more attempt to re-take the Old City, “a day before the second cease-fire” was set to begin; The Arab Liberation Army completed its evacuation of Ein Kerem, a village which would be incorporated into the municipal boundaries of Jerusalem; During Operation Dekel, the Israeli 7th Armored Brigade took the villages of Amqa, al-Damun and Lubya; Operation Death to the Invader, an Israeli military operation designed “to link Jewish villages in the Negev with the rest of Israel” began this evening; David Ben Gurion noted in his diary today the arrival of three B-17’s in Israel “and mentioned that they had already been used for several bombing runs in Egypt. These were the only “heavy bombers” the Israelis had. Known as 69 Squadron they had been obtained by Charles Winters who was known as “the godfather of the Israeli air force”
1951 — (12th of Tammuz, 5711) The Jerusalem Post reported that thousands of apartment-seeking Israelis registered for the government’s popular housing scheme. There were long queues for domestic ice delivery in Jerusalem. Shoe sales increased considerably after 17 new shoe ration points went into effect
1967 — (8th of Tammuz, 5727) A young Kibbutznik got out of his jeep at Aalleiqa, an abandoned Syrian Army base on the Golan Heights, and became the first settler in the Golan. He would be joined by other secular Jews in the next few days and they would form the kibbutz now known as Merom Golan
2002 — (7th of Av, 5762) Nine people, including an eight-month-old infant, were killed and 20 injured in a terrorist attack on Dan bus #189 traveling from Bnei Brak to Emmanuel in Samaria

1829 — (15th of Tammuz, 5589) Graziadio Isaiah Ascoli, Italian philologist, born
1912 — (2th of Av, 5672) Harry Horowitz and three other Jewish gangsters gunned down bookmaker Herman Rosenthal two days after he had complained that that “his illegal casinos had been badly damaged by the greed of New York City Police Lt. Charles Becker and his associates
1955 — (26th of Tammuz, 5715) Birthdate of Zohar Argov “a popular Israeli singer who provided a distinctive voice in the Mizrahi music scene
1970 — (12th of Tammuz, 5730) Haim-Moshe Shapira, an Israeli political leader who was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence in 1948 passed away. He was Israel’s first Minister of Health and Minister of Immigration
1995 — (18th of Tammuz, 5755) Lt. Gen. Mordechai «Motta» Gur, former Chief of Staff of the IDF passed away. He is best remembered as the commander of the brigade that liberated the Old City of Jerusalem in June, 1967