July 13

History events
1099 — (21th of Tammuz, 4859) Godfrey of Bouillon takes Jerusalem, and nearly all the Jews there are slaughtered
1148 — (24th of Tammuz, 4908) Anti-Jewish riots take place in Cordova, Spain
1878 — (12th of Tammuz, 5638) Berlin Congress inserts clause 44 into its treaty
1936 — (23th of Tammuz, 5696) The Palestine Post reported that ….. two Jews were seriously injured by Arabs in Jerusalem. Figures prepared by this newspaper indicated that 41 Jews had been killed and over 150 seriously injured since the outbreak of the Arab disturbances on April 19. British forces lost five men. The estimated damage to Jewish property was over 100,000 pounds. The Tel Aviv Port jetty had been lengthened to 200 meters
1942 — (28th of Tammuz, 5702) Нolocaust. ….. Five thousand Jews of Rovno (Polish Ukraine) were executed by the Nazis; In Sevastopol, approximately 1,200 Jews who had been held at the Dinamo Stadium were “shot to death outside the city” by the Nazis and “another group was murdered by gas vans near the city prison; The Einsatzkommando returned to daily actions of murder. Seven thousand Jews were rounded up in Rowne ghetto. Over the next two days, the SS would slaughter 5,000 of them
1948 — (6th of Tammuz, 5708) During the War of Independence, ….. Israeli forces continued their efforts to widen the corridor between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. To that end, they captured the village of Tsora – the birthplace of the Biblical figure Samson – from the Egyptians. This gave the Israelis control over another section of the railway running between the coast and the City of David
1951 — (9th of Tammuz, 5711) The Jerusalem Post reported that ….. 128,000 immigrants entered Israel during the first half of 1951 (one every two minutes). Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion presided over the meeting of the government-Jewish Agency’s Coordination Board responsible for the newcomers’ housing, employment and the state of sanitation in transit camps. «The attainment of freedom and security often takes precedence over personal convenience,» David Ben-Gurion told a large audience in Beersheba
2009 — (21th of Tammuz, 5769) The 18th Maccabiah Games, which draw Jewish athletes from around the world
2014 — (15th of Tammuz, 5774) Anti-Israel protesters trapped hundreds of Jews in Paris synagogue
2016 — (7th of Tammuz, 5776) In Paris, pro-Palestinian attacked two synagogues — the Synagogue de la Roquette and The Synagogue de la rue des Tournelles – today.

1105 — (29th of Tammuz, 4865) Solomon Yiẓḥaḳi (Rashi), commentator, died
1391 — (11th of Av, 5151) The richest Jew in Valencia, “the great Don Samuel Abravalla,” was baptized to in the palace of En Gasto. He is now known as Alfonso Ferrandes de Villanueva
1894 — (9th of Tammuz, 5654) Birthdate of Isaak Babel, short-story writer and dramatist
1896 — (3th of Av, 5656) Birthdate of Israeli painter Mordecai Ardon
1930 — (17th of Tammuz, 5690) Birthdate of Naomi Shemer ….. one of Israel’s most important and prolific song writers. During her lifetime, she was hailed as the «First Lady of Israeli Song.» Born Naomi Sapir, Shemer did her own songwriting and composing, as well as setting famous poems to music, such as those of the Israeli poet, Rachel, and adapting well-known songs into Hebrew, such as the Beatles songs «Hey Jude» and «Let it Be» («Lu Yehi»)
1941 — (18th of Tammuz, 5701) Birthdate of Ehud Manor an Israeli songwriter, translator, and radio and TV personality