July 12

History events
1290 — (3th of Av, 5050) The Jews were expelled from England by order of King Edward I. The date for the actual order of expulsion is given by some as July 12 and by others as July 18.
1859 — (10th of Tammuz, 5619) Today the cornerstone of the first Ashkenazic synagogue in British North America, Congregation Shaar Hashomayim, was laid at 41 St. Constant (now de Bullion Street), just below de la Gauchetière. It accommodated 150 men and 50 women. The building was 48 by 111 feet. The services were modeled after the Bayswater Synagogue in London, England.
1948 — (5th of Tammuz, 5708) During the War of Independence, ….. Israeli forces took Ramle; Israeli forces defeated Iraqi troops at Rosh Ha-Ayin. This village controlled the headwaters of the Yarkon River, the source of much of Jerusalem’s water supply. Continued control of the Yarkon would have left Jerusalem at the mercy of the Arabs; As part of Operation Danny, the Palmach began an attack on the village of Suba; As they renewed their drive on Tel Aviv, Egyptian forces attacked the settlement of Negba in the northern Negev. The Egyptians opened the attack with air attacks and artillery barrages. The battle lasted for over seven hours with at least four thousand shells falling on Negba. In the end, the 150 defenders hung on and the Egyptians withdrew
1951 — (8th of Tammuz, 5711) The Jerusalem Post reported that seven marauders were killed and several others wounded in an engagement with an Israeli patrol on Jordanian border. Tel Aviv set up ice rationing to a fourth of a block per consumer daily. It was hoped that this ration would be increased to the third of a block on weekends.
1953 — (29th of Tammuz, 5713) The Foreign Ministry of Israel transferred its offices from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem
2006 — (16th of Tammuz, 5766) The July War or Second Lebanon War began when Hezbollah forces in southern Lebanon attacked IDF forces in Israel with rockets and mortars.
2014 — (14th of Tammuz, 5774) Hamas fired dozens of rockets at Jerusalem and Tel Aviv

1884 — (19th of Tammuz, 5644) Birthdate of Italian painter and sculptor, Amedeo Modigliani
1904 — (29th of Tammuz, 5664) Birthdate of Pinchas Lavon, the native of Galicia who made Aliyah in 1929 and who is best known for his role in the Lavon Affair that occurred while he was serving as Minister of Defense