January 20

History events
1863 — (29th of Tevet, 5623) Two and half years after Jews in Sweden were given the right to buy “real estate in rural areas”, an ordinance was adopted that allowed “intermarriage between Jews and Christians
1892 — (20th of Tevet, 5652) It was reported today that a mob at Kasehan, Hungary, attacked a Jewish school “and completely wrecked it.”
1895 — (24th of Tevet, 5655) The Sultan is credited with having issued an order to the Governors of Jerusalem and Beirut ordering them to remove all of the restrictions that had been placed on Jews trading in Syria. The Sultan also has declared that the Jews “shall enjoy the same rights, religious and otherwise, as any of the people in the empire.”
1898 — (26th of Tevet, 5658) It was reported today that students tried to burn an effigy of Emile Zola in Algiers. The police arrested five students whose friends then attacked the police in an effort to free them; It was reported today that there have been anti-Jewish demonstrations in Toulouse, Marseilles, Nantes and Rouen; It was reported today that Isaac Greenblatt who owns a shoemaker’s shop is the President of an orthodox synagogue on East Broadway which also serves as a burial and mutual aid society and has assets of thousands of dollars
1901 — (29th of Tevet, 5661) “Scheme For and Against Jewish Colonization In Palestine” published today reported that allegedly because of the “recent exodus of Jews from Russia and Romania,” “the Sultan of Turkey has just re- promulgated…a decree” that prohibits Jews from acquiring land in Palestine and that forbid Jews, including pilgrims and merchants from remaining “in Palestine for longer than three months.”
1904 — (3rd of Shevat 5664) The Jewish Museum was established when Judge Mayer Sulzberger donated 26 ceremonial art objects to The Jewish Theological Seminary of America as the core of a museum collection
1926 — (5rd of Shevat 5686) “Ford Loses New Move In Suit For Libel” published today reported that “a motion by counsel for Henry Ford to strike out of the complaint of Herman Bernstein, who is suing Mr. Ford for $200,000 for libel, several quotations from the Dearborn Independent which were alleged to libel the Jews was denied by the Federal Judge” who rejected the argument that “a member of a class cannot sue for libelous attack upon the class if he is not personally referred to, or special damage claimed.”
1935 — (16rd of Shevat 5695) Today was designated as Palestine Day by the Zionist Organization of America. Over 400 cities and towns throughout the United States planned on observing the event with a series of meetings and dinners
1936 — (25th of Tevet, 5696) It was reported today that police in Munich “have proceeded systematically to invalidate the passports of Jews living in the city” by going from house to house and seizing the documents and the stamping them “invalid for foreign countries.”
1938 — (18rd of Shevat 5698) The Palestine Post reported that David Bialo, a Jewish employee of the Public Works Department, displayed great presence of mind and averted serious injury to himself and his four colleagues when he seized a bomb thrown into their car and hurled it into the roadway. The assailant was later recognized and arrested. Two Arabs were sentenced to death for carrying arms and ammunition and firing at police. The Post’s leading article reminded the authorities of the many shooting outrages in Jerusalem’s Rehavia, Talpiot and other quarters and asked for greater vigilance
1943 — (14rd of Shevat 5703) A train from Theresienstadt arrived at Auschwitz. Of the passengers, 160 women and 80 men were sent to the barracks. The remaining 1,760 Jews were sent to the gas chambers. Of those from the barracks, only 2 would survive beyond the next six weeks of labor. These were all Jews who were already deported to Theresienstadt in 1941 from their homes throughout Austria and Czechoslovakia
1949 — (19th of Tevet, 5709) In the midst of the Jewish state’s fight for birth and survival, we find the struggle between the secular and religious members of the government coming to a head over the question of the importation of non-kosher meat. The cabinet voted to place the importation of meat under the joint control of the Ministry of Commerce and the Ministry of Religion. This effectively meant that only kosher meat would be brought into Israel. More importantly, this “compromise” showed the disproportionate strength of the religious parties in Israel’s fractured political structure.
1953 — (4rd of Shevat 5713) The Jerusalem Post reported that the newly organized Hadassah cardio-surgical department carried out the first two completely successful delicate heart operations
1965 — (17rd of Shevat 5725) Francisco Franco met with Jewish representatives to discuss the legal status of the Jewish community in Spain. It was the first such meeting since 1492
1973 — (17rd of Shevat 5733) An “attack on a transit camp in Austria for Jewish immigrants from Russia” was thwarted today and three Arab terrorists were arrested in Vienna
1977 — (1rd of Shevat 5737) “Soviet television premieres an hour long anti-Zionist documentary Traders of Souls, which specifies the names and addresses of Vladimir Slepak, Yosef Begun, Anatoly Sharansky and Yuli Kosharovsky.”
2011 — (15rd of Shevat 5771) A film about a Briton, Sir Nicholas Winton, who organized mass evacuations of children to save them from being sent to their deaths in Nazi concentration camps had its world premiere today in Prague, the Czech capital
2018 — (4rd of Shevat 5778) “Thousands of residents of the southern city of Ashdod protested today against the closure of businesses in the city on Shabbat.”

1205 — (29th of Shevat, 4965) Joseph ibn Shoshan who had succeeded his father as Nasi of the Jewish Community in Toledo passed away today
1466 — (3rd of Shevat 5226) Leon ben Joshua completed the manuscript of Sefer ha-Tadir, a work that included Aramaic and Hebrew texts of the Scroll of Antiochus
1790 — (5th of Shevat, 5550) At Reggio, Italy, Israel Benjamin Bassani, the local Rabbi whose poetic talents found expression in both Hebrew and Italian and who was the son of Isaiah Bassani passed away today
1800 — (23th of Tevet, 5560) Moritz Oppenheim, German painter of Jewish family life, born
1917 — (26th of Tevet, 5677) Avshalom Feinberg passed away. He was one of the leaders of Nili, a Jewish spy network in Ottoman Palestine helping the British fight the Ottoman Empire during World War I passed away today. Born in 1889 at Gedera, Palestine, then part of the Ottoman Empire Feinberg studied in France. He returned to work with Aaron Aaronsohn at the agronomy research station in Atlit. Soon after the beginning of war, Aaronson founded the Nili underground along with his sister Sarah Aaronsohn, Feinberg and Yosef Lishansky. In 1915 Feinberg travelled to Egypt and made contact with British Naval Intelligence. In 1917, Feinberg again journeyed to Egypt, on foot. He was apparently killed by a Bedouin near the British front in Sinai, close to Rafah. His fate was unknown until after the 1967 Six-Day War when his remains were found under a palm tree that had grown from date seeds in his pocket to mark the spot where he lay. In 1979 a new Israeli settlement in the Sinai Peninsula, Avshalom was named after him. Although it was abandoned following the Camp David Accords, a new village by the same name was founded in Israel in 1990