February 26

History events
11 — BCE (15th of Adar, 3750) According to some sources, the day on which Herod dedicates the renovated Holy Temple in Jerusalem. According to Heinrich Graetz, the building project began in 20 BCE, the 18th year of Herod’s reign. A year and half later, (18 BCE) the inner part of the Temple was finished. It took another eight years to build the outer walls, courts and galleries. The dedicatory celebration took place on “the very anniversary of the day when twenty years previously, Herod, with blood stained hands, had made himself master of Jerusalem.”
1147 — (24th of Adar, 4907) The Crusaders massacred the Jews of Wurtzburg
1498 — (4th of Adar-1, 5258) Isaac Abravanel completed «Mashmia’ Yeshu’ah» (Proclaiming Salvation), one of three works “devoted to the exposition of the Jewish belief concerning the Messiah and the Messianic age.”
1569 — (9th of Adar, 5329) Pope Pius V ordered the eviction of all Jews from the Papal States (excluding Rome and Verona) who refuse to convert. Most of the approximately 1000 Jewish families decided to emigrate
1939 — (7th of Adar, 5699) Jews held protest demonstrations in Jerusalem, Haifa, Tel Aviv, and several of the large kibbutzim this evening. The demonstrations were sparked by credible reports from London that the British government intends to create an independent Arab State in Palestine which will be structured in such a way to ensure that Jewish people will be permanently relegated to “minority status.”; Israel Rokach, the Mayor of Tel Aviv, sent a telegram to Colonial Secretary of Malcolm MacDonald expressing the displeasure of the 150,000 citizens of his city over what is reported to be the British decision to turn Palestine into an Arab State in which Jews will permanently be a minority. He wrote that “establishment of a Jewish National Home in the historic land of our ancestors was accepted by fifty-two nations as a sacred trust” and the Jewish people would never agree to accept this newly created permanent minority status
1941 — (7th of Shevat, 5701) In the Netherlands, the citizens of Utrecht and Zaandam staged strikes protesting Nazi raids on the Jews
1942 — (9th of Adar, 5702) For twelve hours today, between midday and midnight, the Jewish population of Palestine observed a voluntary stoppage of all commercial and business. During this period all persons remained indoors in a self-imposed curfew, as a sign of mourning for the loss of the more than 700 Jews who died when the Struma, sank in the Black Sea north of the Bosporus. The Jewish passengers were trying to escape from Nazi dominated Europe and settle in Palestine, something opposed by the British and the Arabs
1944 — (2th of Adar, 5704) Shooting begins of the Nazi propaganda film, «The Fuhrer Gives a Village to the Jews» in Theresienstadt
1946 — (25th of Adar, 5706) As they searched for those responsible for last night’s attacks on three RAF airfields that destroyed and/or severely damaged 22 aircraft, British troops “seized 5,000 Jews today and imposed a paralyzing night traffic ban throughout Palestine.” The British have already found the body of a dead Jew near one of the airfields. The deceased is assumed to have been one of the attackers
1953 — (11th of Adar, 5713) The Jerusalem Post reported that the fourth anniversary of the liberation of Eilat was celebrated by a military parade attended by President Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, and «a show of local achievements.»
1980 — (9th of Adar, 5740) Egypt and Israel exchanged ambassadors for the first time
1988 — (8th of Adar, 5748) Settlers from the West Bank demonstrated in Jerusalem today outside the office where Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir was meeting with Secretary of State George P. Shultz at the start of a new Middle East peace drive. The demonstrations stood in stark contrast to the expression of other Israelis, notably Foreign Minister Shimon Peres, who are willing to consider trading occupied land for peace
1991 — (12th of Adar, 5751) The Bank of Israel said today that it would permit foreign companies to issue stocks and bonds on the Tel Aviv stock exchange.