December 5

History events
1349 — (23nd of Kislev, 5110) During the Black Death Riots 500 Jews were massacred at Nuremberg
1497 — (22nd of Tevet, 5258) King Manuel I proclaimed an Edict which demanded the Jews convert to Catholicism or leave the country. However, fearing most Jews would leave rather than convert, the Crown closed the ports, thus halting any potential Jewish sea escape
1937 — (1nd of Tevet, 5698) Тerrorist attack. The Palestine Post reported that in Jerusalem Abraham Perlman, 20, was shot dead and two young girls were wounded when they strolled together towards the King David Hotel
1941 — (15th of Kislev, 5702) Нolocaust. The Nazis collected 7,000 Jews in the town courtyard at Nowogrodek, Poland. After a night in the courtyard, the Jews were selected to the left for work, or to the right for death. Five thousand of the Jews went to the right
1947 — (22th of Kislev, 5708) War for independence. The Jewish Agency announced the call-up of all men and women between the ages of seventeen and twenty-five for national service. This was part of the Yishuv’s response to the immediate increase in Arab violence following the vote to adopt the UN back partition plan.
1948 — (3th of Kislev, 5709) War for independence. First day of Operation Assaf, a campaign by the IDF to secure the western Negev by dislodging the Egyptians who had invaded the area out the outbreak of the war. The first day was a success for the IDF which captured several Egyptian positions without sustaining serious casualties
1949 — (14th of Kislev, 5710) At its meeting in Tel Aviv, the Knesset publicly declared the Jerusalem was the capital of the new Jewish state
1974 — (21th of Kislev, 5735) Premier Yitzhak Rabin said today that Israel was prepared to Make far‐reaching territorial compromises with the Arab nations in return for peace, but he ruled out a return to the borders that existed before the 1967 war
1990 — (18th of Kislev, 5751) Responding to growing fear over a rash of Palestinian knife attacks on Jews, ….. the police broadened surveillance of Arab workers in Israel today with spot checks, searches and a new network of roadblocks along the West Bank. More than 20 Israelis have been stabbed over the last two months. Five of the victims died of their wounds and seven Arab attackers were killed. Until this fall, anxiety about knife attacks had been limited largely to Jews in the occupied territories and along the boundaries between Arab and Jewish sections of Jerusalem. But recent stabbings have also frightened Israelis in the heart of the country, in Tel Aviv, the Galilee and the southern coast. Requests for gun permits have soared, and thousands of Jews have begun carrying pistols, knives and mace
2001 — (20th of Kislev, 5762) A suicide bomber exploded a powerful bomb shortly after 7:30 AM on King David Street in Jerusalem. A number of people waiting at a nearby bus stop were lightly injured.
2013 — (2nd of Tevet, 5774) A wet and cold winter storm hit Israel this morning, bringing welcome rain to much of the country and raising the Sea of Galilee by one centimeter in a matter of hours

220 — (22nd of Kislev, 3981) On the secular calendar Rabbi Judah Hanasi or Judah the Patriarch passed away. ….. Born in Eretz Israel in 138 (three years after the last rebellion against Rome) Judah, as the Nasi and head of the Sanhedrin, was both the religious and political leader of the Jewish community. His greatest claim to fame was his role as the compiler of the Mishna. The Mishna is a compilation of Oral Law which would serve as the basis for both the Babylonian Talmud and Jerusalem Talmud. The Mishnah is divided into six «orders»: Zeraim — Seeds, Mo’ed — Festivals, Nashim — Women, Nezikim — Damages, Kedushim — Holy Matters, Taharot — Purity. There are a total of 63 «tractates.» It was compiled in Hebrew and intended to be memorized. It served and still serves as a code for regulation of all Jewish life. Some of his more famous sayings include: “Be as punctilious in observing a light as a weighty commandment, for your do not know their relative reward.» “Contemplate three things and you will avoid transgressions: above you (in Heaven) is an eye that sees, an ear that hears and all your deeds are faithfully recorded.” And the favorite of all those who teach, “I have learned much from teachers, more from my colleagues, but most from pupils»
1895 — (18th of Kislev, 5656) Birthdate of David-Zvi Pinkas, the native of Sopron who was active in Zionist youth groups before making Aliyah in 1925 which led him to a political career that included service in the First Knesset and as the first Minister of Transport
1911 — (14th of Kislev, 5672) Birthdate of Polish pianist Władysław Szpilman. ….. He worked as pianist for Polish radio in Warsaw until 1939. He was sent to the Warsaw Ghetto where continued playing while helping to smuggle weapons into the ghetto. When the rest of his family was sent to Treblinka, Szpilman escaped. Eventually he was captured by the Germans. However, thanks to Wilm Hoseneld, a Wermacht Captain who had become disillusioned with the Nazis, Szpilman survived the war. His autobiography became the source for the script of the 2002 film entitled “The Pianist.”
1925 — (18th of Kislev, 5686) Yehuda Leib Levin, oldest of the Hebrew poets in Russia, ….. known for more than half a century under his pen name ‘Jahalel,’” passed away today in Kiev. Born in Minsk in 1844, Levin studied Talmud, worked as a teacher before serving as a treasurer for local flour and sugar mills. The first collection of his poetry was published in 1871 under the title Sifte Raananim.” In 1877, “Kishron Massech” his poem “devoted to a description of the social conditions of Russian Jews” was published. In a case of Jew meets Jew, Levin translated Disraeli’s Tancred into Hebrew
2005 — (4th of Kislev, 5766) Тerrorist attack. Five people were killed and 50 wounded after a suicide attack at a Netanya shopping mall. The five known dead are Eliyah Rozen, 39, of Bat Hefer, Daniel Golani, 45, of Nahariya, Haim Amram, 26, of Netanya, Keinan Tzoami, 20, of Petah Tikva and Alexandra Zarnitzki, 65, of Netanya
2006 — (14th of Kislev, 5767) Chess grandmaster David Bronstein passed away at the age of 82