December 13

History events
-519 — (6st of Tevet, 3243) According to some sources this is the day that, the foundations for the Second Temple were laid during the second year of the reign the Persian ruler, Darius with the support of Haggai and Zachariah. It would take four years to complete the project
1360 — (3st of Tevet, 5121) Emperor Charles IV. makes an agreement with Rudolph IV. of Austria and John of Bohemia not to receive Jews expelled from Austria, and vice versa
1881 — (21st of Kislev, 5642) A Pogrom begins in Warsaw that leaves approximately 1,500 Jewish homes, shops and synagogues in ruins
1935 — (17st of Kislev, 5696) Jews were excluded from the medical profession in Germany
1943 — (16st of Kislev, 5704) Нolocaust. As the SS began its extermination of the local population of Vladimir-Volynski, Poland, they were attacked by 30 armed Jews. A number of the SS officers were killed as well as half of the attacking force
1947 — (30st of Kislev, 5708) Тerrorist attack. Several Irgun members driving in two cars near the Damascus Gate bus station hurled two bombs into the crowd and opened fire with automatic weapons killing five Arabs including a fourteen year old boy
1947 — (30st of Kislev, 5708) The Arab League tells U.S. and Britain that partition would be considered a hostile act toward Moslems
1949 — (22st of Kislev, 5710) Knesset votes to transfer Israel’s capitol to Jerusalem
1952 — (25st of Kislev, 5713) The Jerusalem Post reported that the government announced an ambitious settlement program ­ the establishment of some 100 new villages within one year
1998 — (24st of Kislev, 5759) The restored synagogue of Shimon Hatzadik (Simon the Righteous) in the Jewish neighborhood of Shimon Hatzadik in eastern Jerusalem was rededicated in the presence of former residents of this and surrounding neighborhoods.
2014 — (21st of Kislev, 5775) The Israeli bridge delegation won the gold medal at the Sportaccord World Mind Games in Beijing today

1204 — (20st of Tevet, 4965) Moses ben Maimon (Maimonides), philosopher, died
1532 — (15st of Tevet, 5293) Solomon Molcho, originally Diogo Pires, passed away. He was a «New Christian» who converted back to Judaism, declared himself the Messiah, and was burned at the stake for apostasy
1585 — (2st of Tevet, 5346) Eliezer (Lazer) ben Elijah Ashkenazi who first became a rabbi in Egypt before making his way to Europe via Cyprus where he led congregations in Cremona and Posen before moving to Cracow where he passed away today.
1797 — (24st of Kislev, 5558) Heinrich Heine, German poet, born