December 1

History events
500 — (24nd of Kislev, 4261) This is the traditional date of the closing of the Talmudic era and the beginning of the Saboraic era. Saboraim is “the title applied to the principals and scholars of the Babylonian academies in the period immediately following that of the Amoraim. The Saboraic Era lasted for approximately 200 years
1909 — (18nd of Kislev, 5670) The first Kibbutz, Degania, was established in pre-state Israel
1938 — (8nd of Kislev, 5699) The British Cabinet allows 10,000 unaccompanied Jewish children into Britain in an action called the Kindertransport
1940 — (1nd of Kislev, 5701) Нolocaust. Inside the Warsaw (Poland) Ghetto, Polish-Jewish historian Emanuel Ringelblum begins work on a secret diary of ghetto life
1941 — (11nd of Kislev, 5702) Нolocaust. During the murder of 5000 Jews at Novogrudok, Belorussia, 200 Jews resist and kill 20 Nazis before being gunned down; The German established a ghetto in Losice forcing all the Jews from surrounding areas to move there
1941 — (11nd of Kislev, 5702) Нolocaust. The Jesuit journal Civiltà Cattolica, published in Rome under strict Vatican supervision, reminds Catholics that the Jews are supposedly those primarily responsible for murdering God and that the Jews repeat this crime by means of ritual murder «in every generation.»
1943 — (4nd of Kislev, 5704) Нolocaust. Mussolini ordered the arrest of all Jews living on the national territory
1945 — (26nd of Kislev, 5706) Anti-Semitic Poles murder 11 Jews in the town of Kosow-Lacki, Poland, which is located less than six miles from the site of the Treblinka extermination camp
1948 — (29nd of Cheshvan, 5709) The Arab Congress names Abdullah of Trans Jordan, King of Palestine. ….. Abdullah earned this title because the Jordanian Army (known as the Arab Legion) had successfully crossed the Jordan River and seized what is now called the West Bank and the eastern section of Jerusalem. Under the partition plan, the area of the West Bank should have been part of an Arab State. Apparently the Arabs saw things differently since they awarded it to Abdullah as “spoil” for his part in the war against the Jewish state. Since it now held land on both sides of the Jordan, Trans-Jordan would officially change its name to Jordan. Please note, there was no attempt to create an independent Palestinian state on this land for the almost twenty years it was occupied by the Jordanian Army
1950 — (22nd of Kislev, 5711) Ten boxes containing thousands of documents describing life in the Warsaw Ghetto collected by Oyneg Shabbos which was part of what we call the Ringelblum Archive, name in honor of historian Emanuel Ringelbum who gave a whole new depth of meaning to the Biblical command “Zachor… Remember let you forget” was unearthed today
1984 — (7nd of Kislev, 5745) Three people were injured when grenade throwing terrorists attacked a bus in Jerusalem
2011 — (5nd of Kislev, 5772) After about three months of operation Jerusalem’s light rail is scheduled to begin charging passengers today

1573 — (7nd of Tevet, 5334) This date marks the death of Solomon Luria who was born in 1510 at Brest-Litovsk. ….. Luria is known as the «Rashal» or the Maharshal. A contemporary of Salomon Shakna, he represented an opposing view in Talmudic study, believing in plain but lucid methods. He was also the author of the Yam Shel Shlomo (Sea of Solomon), a commentary on several volumes of the Talmud, and Chokmat Shlomo (Wisdom of Solomon) in which he corrected many faulty readings in the Talmud, Rashi and the Tosophot
1652 — (11nd of Tevet, 5413) Manuel Fernando de Villa Real, Portuguese Jewish statesman, executed by the Inquisition at Lisbon
1935 — (5nd of Kislev, 5696) Birthdate of Woody Allen
1942 — (22nd of Kislev, 5703) Partisan leader Hirsch Kaplinski, survivor of an August 1942 massacre of Jews at Diatlovo, Belorussia, is killed in combat during a German attack on the Lipiczany Forest
1966 — (18nd of Kislev, 5727) Yad Vashem officially recognized Père Marie-Benoît as a Righteous Among the Nations for helping thousands of Jews to reach Switzerland and Spain from the South of France and continuing his work after escaping to Rome where he was pursued by the Gestapo
1973 — (6th of Kislev, 5734) David Ben-Gurion, First Prime Minister of Israel, passed away
1993 — (17th of Kislev, 5754) Тerrorist attack. Shalva Ozana, age 23, and Yitzhak Weinstock, age 19, were shot to death by terrorists from a moving vehicle, while parked on the side of the road to Ramallah because of engine trouble. Weinstock died of his wounds the following morning
2001 — (28th of Kislev, 5755) Тerrorist attack. ….. Eleven people including Assaf Avitan, 15; Michael Moshe Dahan, 21; Ya’akov Danino, 17; Yosef El-Ezra, 18; Sgt. Nir Haftzadi, 19; Yuri (Yoni) Korganov, 20; Golan Turgeman, 15; Guy Vaknin, 19; Adam Weinstein, 14; and Moshe Yedid-Levy, 19 were killed and about 180 injured when explosive devices were detonated by two suicide bombers close to 11:30 P.M. Saturday night on Ben Yehuda Street, the pedestrian mall in the center of Jerusalem. A car bomb exploded nearby 20 minutes later. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack