August 27

History events
1892 — (4th of Elul, 5652) The first passenger train belonging to the Jaffa-Jerusalem Railway arrived in Jerusalem today
1941 — (4th of Elul, 5701) Нolocaust. ….. First group of 11,000 Jews from Kamenets are taken out of town to a pit and gunned down in bomb craters; The Nazis massacred the Jewish community of Posvol, Lithuania; Detachments of the Einsatzgruppen in Kamenets-Podolsk and troops under the command of the Higher SS and Police Leader for the southern region, SS General Friedrich Jeckeln, began to carry out mass killings of the Jewish deportees as well as the local Jewish population
1942 — (14th of Elul, 5702) Нolocaust. ….. Eight thousand Jews from Wieliczka, Poland, are killed at the Belzec death camp; When a transport train carrying 6000 Jews from Miedzyrzec, Poland, arrives at the Treblinka extermination camp, guards discover that all 6000 have died of suffocation during the 75-mile journey; Several thousand Jews from Chortkov, Poland, are assembled in the town square and forced to witness the murders of the community’s children
1952 — (6th of Elul, 5712) The Knesset endorsed by an overwhelming vote the agreement with the US for the purchase of arms and for the negotiations in Washington for military aid, within the framework of the Mutual Security Act. The vote came in the form of a vote of no confidence in the government, introduced by Mapam and supported by the Communists, which was defeated by 69 votes to 13
1952 — (6th of Elul, 5712) Reparation negotiations between West Germany and Israel end in Luxembourg; West Germany to pay 3 billion Deutschmarks

1698 — (1nd of Tishrei, 5459) Birthdate of Rabbi Yisroel (Israel) ben Eliezer often called Baal Shem Tov or Besht
1816 — (3nd of Elul, 5576) Birthdate of Polish born Jewish journalist Aleksander Zederbaum who in 1860 founded Ha-Meliz, the first Hebrew language periodical published in Russia
1937 — (22nd of Elul, 5697) Lionel Walter Rothschild passed away. ….. The 2nd Baron Rothschild was a British zoologist who became a great collector and founded the Rothschild Natural History Museum in London. The museum was opened to the public in 1892. As the eldest son of Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild, he was somewhat of a disappointment to his father as his life was devoted to natural history and not banking. His interest in natural history began when he was a child, collecting butterflies. Numerous species and sub-species of animals were named after him. He issued Novitates Zoologicae from Tring, his country estate and published scores of scientific papers. He received his titles on the death of his father in 1915. The Walter Rothschild Zoological Museum became part of the Natural History Museum
1971 — (6th of Elul, 5731) Sixty-seven year old Margaret Bourke-White, one of the great photographers of the 20th century, if not of all times whose father was from an Orthodox Jewish family and whose mother was Irish passed away today